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The swelling of the lymph nodes can be caused by various things, ranging from infections to cancer. Therefore, swollen lymph nodes are also different, adjusted to the cause
Lymph nodes are part of the lymphatic system that functions to protect the body from germs, viruses, and parasites that cause infections, as well as cancer cells and toxic substances. This gland is spread in various parts of the body, including the neck, ears, armpits, and thighs.
One common disorder in lymph nodes is swelling of lymph nodes. This condition is generally caused by infection. However, in some cases, swollen lymph nodes can also be caused by autoimmune or cancer disease.
Symptoms of swollen lymph nodes
Swelling of the lymph nodes can be seen in the form of lumps in the infected body parts, such as the neck or armpit. In addition, swollen lymph nodes can also appear along with other symptoms, such as:
- Sweating at night
- Weight loss for no apparent reason
- The body feels weak
- Cough and cold
- Hard to breathe
Swollen lymph node drugs
Treatment of swollen lymph nodes must be adjusted to the cause, location of swelling, severity, and overall health condition of the patient. Therefore, an examination is needed by the doctor before handling.
In diagnosing and finding out the causes of swollen lymph nodes in patients, the doctor will do a physical examination. Supporting examinations consisting of blood tests, radiological examinations, such as CT scan or MRI, as well as lymph node biopsy may also be needed.
After the doctor knows what causes the swelling of the lymph nodes in the patient, the doctor can prescribe the following drugs to treat swelling of the lymph nodes:
Antibiotics are used to treat lymph nodes caused by bacterial infections, for example in lymph node abscesses. The choice of antibiotics used will be adjusted to the type of germs that cause infection.
Antivirus drugs are used to treat viral infections that cause swell lymph nodes. This drug is usually used to treat viral infections, such as cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections, mononucleosis, herpes simplex, and HIV infection.
Worm or parasitic infections, such as filariasis, can make clogged lymph flow and cause swollen lymph nodes. To treat this, the doctor can prescribe antiparasites, namely albendazole and diethylcarbamazine.
One of the swollen lymph node drugs is the antituberculosis (OAT) drug, such as isoniazid, rifampicin, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol, generally used to treat lymph nodes due to tuberculosis or TB glands.
Chemotherapy is used when swollen lymph nodes are caused by cancer. However, in addition to chemotherapy, cancer treatment can also be done with radiotherapy or cancer removal surgery. Basically, the handling carried out will be adjusted to the level of malignancy or stage of the cancer itself.
If the swollen lymph nodes are caused by autoimmune diseases, such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis, the doctor can provide corticosteroid drugs to reduce the immune system so as not to cause inflammation and swelling in the lymph nodes.
In addition, doctors will usually also provide other drugs, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and immunosuppressants to overcome swelling of lymph nodes due to autoimmune diseases.
In addition to using drugs from a doctor, you can also alleviate swelling and pain in the lymph nodes with warm compresses.
During treatment to overcome swollen lymph nodes, you also need to make sure the break time is fulfilled, by sleeping at least 7-9 hours every night so that it can recover faster.
In some cases caused by infection, swollen lymph nodes can subside by itself when the infection is resolved.
However, if the swelling doesn't go away within 2 weeks, gets bigger and feels hard to the touch, or is accompanied by other symptoms, such as fever, night sweats, and unexplained weight loss, you should see a doctor. appropriate handling.