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Kidney infections can affect one or both kidneys. This condition usually begins with a urinary tract infection and can permanently damage the kidneys if not treated promptly. In order for the kidneys to avoid infection, it is important to recognize the symptoms and preventive measures
Symptoms of kidney infection generally appear due to bacterial infection and most often bacteria from the digestive tract that are excreted from the body through feces. These bacteria can usually move and enter the urinary tract because of the habit of cleaning the genital organs in an improper way.
In addition, kidney infections can also occur due to infections in other parts of the body, such as infections in the skin, heart valves, or gastrointestinal tract. This condition allows bacteria to spread to the kidneys through the blood, thereby triggering a kidney infection.
A person will be more at risk of developing kidney infections if they have a history of kidney stones, have diabetes, have an enlarged prostate gland or BPH, have structural abnormalities of the urinary tract, or are pregnant.
Various Symptoms of Kidney Infection
There are a number of symptoms of kidney infection that are important for you to know, namely:
An increase in body temperature or fever is the body's natural way of fighting off infections, including kidney infections. When you have a fever, your body will also shiver and feel weak, and sweat.
One of the most common symptoms of kidney infection is back pain. The pain appears because the kidneys are located in the lower back. When suffering from a kidney infection, you may experience back pain on one or both sides of the waist.
3. Nausea and vomiting
Kidney infections can also cause complaints in the form of nausea and vomiting. As a result, you will find it difficult to consume and digest food and meet fluid intake. This also often makes sufferers vulnerable to nutritional deficiencies and dehydration.
4. Pain when urinating
When you have a kidney infection, you may feel pain when you urinate. The pain occurs due to enlargement of one or both kidneys and irritation of the urinary tract wall.
Normally, urine is colorless or only slightly yellowish. However, in patients with kidney infections, the urine will look cloudy and have an unpleasant odor. The cloudy color in the urine can be caused by the presence of pus or blood in the urine.
In conditions of severe kidney infection, the kidneys usually do not function properly in removing toxins from the body with urine. People who experience this condition will usually show other symptoms, such as slurred speech, restlessness, or delirium.
Kidney infections in infants under 2 years of age generally rarely cause obvious symptoms. Signs of kidney infection in infants are commonly found in the form of high fever only.
Kidney Infection Prevention Steps
To avoid kidney infections, the following are preventative steps you can take:
- Drink lots of fluids, especially water
- Make sure to urinate before and after sexual intercourse to prevent the spread of bacteria that enter the body through the genital organs
- Avoid the habit of holding urine to prevent the growth of bacteria in the tract or bladder
- Avoid using feminine hygiene products that contain perfume or fragrance because they can irritate the genital area and trigger the growth of bacteria
- For women, get into the habit of wiping the genitals after urinating and defecating from front to back. This is to prevent bacteria from spreading from the anus to the urinary tract
Symptoms or signs of a kidney infection that are left untreated and untreated can lead to serious complications, such as kidney failure and sepsis.
If you experience symptoms of a kidney infection, you need to immediately see a doctor. The doctor will perform a physical examination, medical history, and supporting examinations to provide the right treatment to treat your condition.