Pregnant Young: What's Do's and Don'ts

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Pregnant Young: What's Do's and Don'ts
Pregnant Young: What's Do's and Don'ts

Almost all young pregnant women will feel happy. However, not infrequently this feeling is mixed with worry and alertness. To be more comfortable and ready for pregnancy, pregnant women can pay attention to some things that should be done or even prohibited when pregnant

Young pregnancy or known as the first trimester is the time when the gestational age has just reached 1-12 weeks. At this time, pregnant women will usually experience several symptoms such as easy fatigue, nausea, breast and heartburn pain, frequent urination, and constipation.

Pregnant Young: Things that are recommended and prohibited - Alodokter
Pregnant Young: Things that are recommended and prohibited - Alodokter

These complaints are normal due to hormonal changes during pregnancy. To keep the body condition of pregnant women and fetuses he althy during early pregnancy, it is important to pay attention to what are recommended and prohibited during the first trimester.

Suggested Things When Pregnant Young

When you are pregnant, it doesn't really matter if you are still active or working. However, to reduce the complaints that often arise during pregnancy and maintain the he alth condition of pregnant women and their fetuses, there are several suggestions that pregnant women need to do when pregnant, including:

1. Taking pregnancy supplements

When pregnant, pregnant women are allowed to take pregnancy supplements or prenatal vitamins. This supplement contains various nutrients, such as folic acid, which is useful for supporting the formation and development of fetal organs.

Folic acid also plays an important role in preventing birth defects in the fetus, such as neural tube defects (spina bifida) and anencephaly. Along with iron, folic acid is also useful for preventing anemia during pregnancy.

However, pregnant women should consult a doctor when they want to use pregnancy supplements so that doctors can determine the right dose according to the pregnant woman's condition.

In addition to taking pregnancy supplements, pregnant women can also eat he althy foods for pregnant women that have high nutritional value to meet their nutritional needs during pregnancy.

2. Undergoing a gynecological examination according to schedule

An obstetrical examination can generally be done after a woman is declared pregnant, either through a positive test pack result or when she undergoes a pregnancy check-up with a doctor.

During early pregnancy and throughout pregnancy, pregnant women are advised to routinely carry out regular obstetrical examinations. This is important so that doctors can monitor the condition of the fetus and the he alth of the pregnant woman.

Through routine obstetric checkups, doctors can also treat as early as possible if there are certain problems with the he alth condition of the fetus or pregnant woman.

3. Sufficient fluid needs

When pregnant, the body will need more fluids. To meet the needs of body fluids, pregnant women are advised to consume at least 8-10 glasses of water per day. It is important to meet these fluid needs so that pregnant women do not become dehydrated.

Pregnant women are also advised not to consume alcoholic beverages and limit their consumption of caffeinated beverages, such as coffee, tea, and soft drinks.

4. Sufficient rest time

During the first trimester, pregnant women often feel tired. However, fatigue can be overcome with adequate rest. Therefore, try to go to bed earlier and get at least 8 hours of sleep every night.

If possible, pregnant women can take a moment to take a nap to restore energy and not get tired easily during activities.

5. Exercise regularly

Exercise regularly can make pregnant women feel comfortable and more easily adjust to weight gain during pregnancy. Pregnant women can try attending pregnancy exercise classes or yoga for pregnant women.

However, you should consult your doctor regarding safe exercise options during pregnancy.

Some Things to Avoid When Pregnant Young

Pregnant women are also advised to avoid some things that are prohibited during early pregnancy, such as:

1. Smoking

Smoking is a big taboo for every pregnant woman, including during early pregnancy, because it can interfere with the he alth of pregnant women and fetuses.

Smoking habits during pregnancy can increase the risk of the fetus having birth defects, premature birth, being born with low weight, to growth and development disorders.

In pregnant women, smoking can increase the risk of pregnancy complications, such as preeclampsia.

2. Consuming alcoholic beverages

If pregnant women frequently consume alcohol, the fetus will be at risk for a condition called fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS).

This disorder can cause the fetus to be born with low body weight and experience growth retardation and behavioral disorders.

3. Using the sauna

Although it is comfortable to do, sauna during young pregnancy turns out to have some risks. Research shows that saunas during early pregnancy can increase the risk of miscarriage, especially if you are pregnant too often and take too long a sauna bath.

As an alternative, pregnant women can take a warm bath with a maximum water temperature of 38°C. This method is considered safer than a sauna.

4. Experiencing excessive stress

Frequent stress during pregnancy can make pregnant women prone to depression. In addition, severe stress during pregnancy can also interfere with fetal growth and development and increase the risk of being born prematurely or born with low birth weight.

Therefore, as much as possible avoid excessive stress during pregnancy, including during early pregnancy. Stress can be avoided by doing various things that pregnant women enjoy, doing meditation and yoga, telling stories with their partner or closest family, and increasing rest time.

5. Washing the pet cage

One thing that should be avoided during early pregnancy is cleaning the cage of pets, including cats. This is because cat feces can contain the Toxoplasma gondii parasite which can cause toxoplasmosis. This disease is dangerous for pregnant women and fetuses.

During early pregnancy, pregnant women should also not eat raw food, unpasteurized milk (raw milk), and fish that are high in mercury levels. Also avoid taking drugs and supplements without consulting your obstetrician first.

If pregnant women have certain medical conditions, don't hesitate to consult with your doctor regarding other things that are recommended and prohibited during early pregnancy, so that pregnant women and fetuses stay he althy.