Recognizing Paranoid Symptoms and How to Overcome It

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Recognizing Paranoid Symptoms and How to Overcome It
Recognizing Paranoid Symptoms and How to Overcome It

Paranoid is a psychological problem characterized by the emergence of excessive suspicion and fear. Paranoid people tend to find it difficult or even distrustful of others and have a different mindset than most people

Paranoid personality disorder generally arises due to psychological trauma in the past. This condition is more common in men and usually appears in adolescence or adulthood. However, paranoia can sometimes appear from childhood.

Recognizing Paranoid Symptoms and How to Overcome Them - Alodokter

Causes of Paranoid Symptoms

The cause of paranoid personality disorder is not yet known with certainty. However, there are several factors that are known to make a person more at risk for becoming paranoid, namely:

  • Psychological trauma, for example being a victim of sexual harassment or physical violence
  • Certain mental disorders, such as anxiety disorders, depression, and schizophrenia
  • Heavy stress or mental stress
  • Brain disorders, such as dementia, Huntington's disease, stroke, and Parkinson's disease
  • Severe insomnia
  • Consumption of alcoholic beverages or long-term drug use.

Treats of a Paranoid Person

A typical symptom of a paranoid personality is difficulty or even not being able to trust other people. People who have paranoid thoughts tend to think that other people have bad intentions towards them.

This makes people with paranoid disorder often independent in everything. They emphasize that they must be able to work independently without depending on others. In addition, people who have paranoid thoughts also tend to be perfectionists about various things.

In everyday life, people who have a paranoid personality will usually look stiff, closed, or show an indifferent attitude towards others. This attitude is often shown to new people.

In addition, people who have paranoid symptoms will usually show the following characteristics:

  • Always suspect that the other person has ulterior motives or wants to hurt him
  • Difficult to cooperate with other people
  • Very sensitive when receiving criticism
  • It is difficult to understand their own problems
  • Easy to separate or isolate socially
  • Doubtful about the loy alty of others
  • Quickly angry and tend to be hostile to others
  • Stubborn, argumentative, and always thinks he is right
  • It's hard to relax

Some of these paranoid personality traits sometimes resemble those of other mental disorders, such as borderline personality disorder and schizophrenia.

Therefore, to determine whether a person really has a paranoid personality disorder and find out what causes it, a psychiatric examination is necessary.

How to Diagnose and Treat Paranoid Conditions

Personality disorders or paranoid thought patterns can be diagnosed and evaluated by a psychologist or psychiatrist by conducting a psychological examination through interviews and psychological tests (psychotes).

If a person is confirmed to have a paranoid personality disorder, a psychiatrist or psychologist may take several steps to deal with it in the form of:


Paranoid personality disorder therapy usually involves long-term psychotherapy. This type of therapy will help paranoid sufferers communicate and socialize with their surroundings. This therapy also aims to reduce paranoid feelings about oneself.

Thus, people with paranoid symptoms are expected to be more open and have better relationships with those around them.


In certain cases, paranoid conditions may need to be treated with drugs. This is generally done in cases of paranoid disorder accompanied by other symptoms such as anxiety disorders, depressive symptoms, or behavioral disorders, such as drug dependence or self-harm.

Until now, paranoid personality disorder has not been cured. However, some of the above treatment steps can be taken to reduce the severity of symptoms and help paranoid sufferers to socialize and change their mindset for the better.

Not only with treatment from a psychologist or psychiatrist, support from the people around also plays a big role in helping improve symptoms in sufferers.

If you feel that you often experience paranoid symptoms or have a relative who exhibits paranoid personality traits, you should check with a psychologist or psychiatrist so that your paranoid symptoms can be evaluated and treated appropriately.

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