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IVF is one solution for couples who have difficulty conceiving due to certain conditions. Well, to know under what conditions the IVF program is recommended to be carried out, see this article, OK
In the IVF procedure, egg cells and sperm cells will be brought together in the laboratory so that fertilization occurs. Furthermore, the fertilized embryo will be transferred into the uterus so that it can grow and develop into a fetus.
Recommended Conditions for Participating in IVF Program
In vitro fertilization is generally recommended for couples who experience infertility or fertility problems due to certain conditions.
This program will generally be recommended when pregnancy does not occur after other methods have been treated, such as drugs, surgery, or artificial insemination. Conditions that cause fertility disorders include:
1. Fallopian tube disorders
Fallopian tube disorders can be in the form of damage or blockage of the fallopian tubes, which are the tubes that connect the ovaries to the uterus. This condition can inhibit the fertilization process, because the sperm cell cannot meet the egg cell and fertilization will not occur.
In some cases, fertilization can still occur. However, obstruction of the fallopian tube will make it difficult for the embryo to move towards the uterus. As a result, the embryo is difficult to develop and can even lead to an ectopic pregnancy.
There are several conditions that can cause problems with the fallopian tubes, namely:
- Complications of pelvic inflammatory disease
- Complications of sexually transmitted diseases
- History of ectopic pregnancy
- History of surgery on the abdomen and pelvis
2. Ovulation disorders
Ovulation is the process when a mature egg is released from the ovary. If there is a disturbance, the egg release process will be hampered or even the egg cannot be released at all, so pregnancy cannot occur.
Ovulation disorders can be caused by several conditions, such as:
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- Disruption of the function of the hypothalamus in producing hormones that play a role in ovulation
- The ovaries stop working before the age of 40 (primary ovarian insufficiency)
- Excess production of the hormone prolactin (hyperprolactinemia)
Endometriosis is a condition when the tissue that lines the inside of the uterine wall (endometrium) grows outside the uterus, such as the ovaries, fallopian tubes, pelvic cavity walls, or even the intestines. Data says, about 4 out of 10 women who experience fertility problems suffer from endometriosis.
This is because endometriosis can cause inflammation that has the potential to damage the egg and interfere with the fertilization process. In severe cases, endometriosis can also cause blockage of the fallopian tubes due to adhesions or the formation of scar tissue.
4. Sperm abnormalities
The presence of abnormalities in male sperm cells can also make pregnancy difficult. Some of the disorders that can make it difficult for sperm cells to fertilize eggs are low sperm count, weak sperm movement, and abnormalities in sperm size and shape.
5. uterine fibroids
Uterine fibroids are benign tumors that form from muscle cells and connective tissue in the uterine wall. This condition that often occurs in women aged 30-40 years can interfere with the process of implanting an egg that has been successfully fertilized by a sperm cell.
Implantation itself is a process when the embryo is successfully implanted in the uterine wall, so that it can eventually grow and develop in the uterus. If this process is disturbed, it will be difficult to get pregnant.
Well, those are some of the conditions that can encourage couples to join the IVF program.
In addition to the conditions above, IVF may also be recommended for couples who are at risk of passing on genetic disorders to their future babies or suffering from fertility problems of unknown cause.
If you and your partner have difficulty conceiving despite having regular sexual intercourse without using contraception, you should consult a doctor.The doctor will find out the cause of difficulty getting pregnant and recommend a pregnancy program that suits your condition.
If you and your partner are advised to undergo IVF and this method is successful, don't forget to also prepare some important equipment for your baby's needs, such as clothes, diapers, toiletries, and Telon oil.