Acute Hepatitis: Symptoms, Causes and How to Treat It

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Acute Hepatitis: Symptoms, Causes and How to Treat It
Acute Hepatitis: Symptoms, Causes and How to Treat It

Although it often occurs in adults, acute hepatitis can also affect children. Acute hepatitis can be fatal if not treated properly. Know the symptoms, causes, and how to treat acute hepatitis so you can be aware of this disease

Acute hepatitis is inflammation of the liver (liver) that occurs for less than 6 months and is generally caused by viral hepatitis infection. Acute hepatitis is quite common worldwide.

Acute Hepatitis: Symptoms, Causes, and How to Treat It - Alodokter

In recent times, there has been a spike in cases of acute hepatitis in several countries, including Indonesia, without the exact cause being known. Cases of acute hepatitis are more commonly found in children aged 1 month to 16 years. The World He alth Organization (WHO) even designated this condition as an Extraordinary Event (KLB).

Symptoms of Acute Hepatitis

Symptoms of acute hepatitis are often not detected at an early stage, so the sufferer does not realize that he is suffering from this disease. However, there are some early symptoms of acute hepatitis that can be recognized, namely:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • severe diarrhea
  • Mild fever

Besides that, there are also some further signs and symptoms that may be experienced by acute hepatitis patients, namely:

  • Urine is thick like tea
  • Pale white stools
  • Skin and eyes are yellow
  • Blood clotting disorders, characterized by easy bruising and bleeding
  • Seizure
  • Consciousness decreased

Causes of Acute Hepatitis

Acute hepatitis can be caused by several things, but this disease is more often caused by infection with hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E viruses. Corona virus (SARS-CoV-2) can also cause acute hepatitis. However, these allegations still require further evidence and research.

In addition to viral infection, hepatitis can also be caused by the habit of consuming alcoholic beverages, the use of certain drugs that exceed the dose, to autoimmune diseases.

How to Treat Acute Hepatitis

Acute hepatitis usually goes away on its own without special treatment. However, in cases of severe acute hepatitis, patients need to be hospitalized in a hospital to get proper supervision and treatment.

Patients with hepatitis are recommended to have adequate rest, and adequate fluid and nutritional intake. In addition, the doctor may also prescribe medicines according to the type and cause of hepatitis experienced by the patient, such as:

  • Antiviral drugs for hepatitis B and C
  • Immunosuppressant drugs for acute hepatitis due to autoimmune
  • Drug cholestyramine if you experience symptoms of acute hepatitis in the form of itching

Prevention of Acute Hepatitis

In order to reduce the risk of getting acute hepatitis, it is recommended to adopt a he althy lifestyle, such as:

  • Wash hands with soap and water before eating, also before processing or cooking food
  • Restricting consumption of alcoholic beverages
  • Do not abuse illegal drugs
  • Using a condom when having sex

Considering the recent increase in cases of acute hepatitis in children, parents are expected to be more vigilant by maintaining personal and environmental hygiene for their children. The first step that parents can take to prevent hepatitis in their children is to teach them to wash their hands.

Parents also need to be aware of the early symptoms of acute hepatitis in children, such as diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and low-grade fever. If your child has these symptoms, take him to the doctor or hospital immediately. Do not wait until further symptoms appear, so that the child's condition does not get worse and the disease is more easily resolved.

If you yourself feel any of the symptoms of acute hepatitis as mentioned above, don't hesitate to consult a doctor for proper examination and treatment.

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