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For cat owners, maintaining the he alth of this one animal certainly should not be ignored. In addition to diet, giving cat vaccines on schedule is one thing you need to pay attention to. That way, your cat can be protected from viral and bacterial infections
Cats are not creatures with nine lives like many myths circulate. Your beloved pet is still at risk of being exposed to bacteria or viruses that can make him sick.
Viruses and bacteria that cause disease in cats usually spread more quickly, so your cat could get it from another cat when she is playing outside.
So, in addition to providing them with proper nutrition, make sure they also get a complete cat vaccine so that their body he alth is maintained.
Different Types of Cat Vaccines
Similar to vaccines for humans, cat vaccines also work by stimulating the body's immune system to produce antibodies to protect against infection.
Cat vaccines are divided into two categories, namely core vaccines and non-core vaccines. Core vaccines are cat vaccines that are given to all cats to prevent common illnesses. Meanwhile, non-core vaccines are vaccines that are recommended only for cats at risk of certain diseases.
Well, here are the main types of cat vaccines that you need to know:
1. Rabies Vaccine
Rabies is a disease caused by infection with the deadly rabies virus that can attack various animals, including cats, dogs, and bats, and can be transmitted to humans.
Rabies virus transmission most often occurs through the bite of an infected animal. In cats, symptoms of rabies can include aggressive behavior, seizures, and excessive salivation.
This disease cannot be cured and most cases of rabies in animals and humans can be fatal. Therefore, make sure that your pet cat, both kittens and adult cats, has received the rabies cat vaccine, especially if your cat likes to be left playing outside.
2. Feline Calicivirus vaccine (FCV vaccine)
Feline Calicivirus is a viral infection that attacks the upper respiratory tract of cats, namely the nose, mouth and throat. When attacked by this disease, cats will experience symptoms in the form of sneezing, fever, discharge a lot of mucus, watery eyes, and scabs appear in the mouth.
In severe cases, this disease can make the cat dehydrated due to difficulty eating and drinking, liver damage, swelling of the airways, or even death.
To prevent Calicivirus infection and reduce the risk of your cat developing severe symptoms when infected, be sure to give him the FCV vaccine.
3. Feline rhinotracheitis vaccine (FHV-1) vaccine
Just like Calicivirus infection, feline rhinotracheitis is also a viral infection that causes respiratory tract disorders in cats. This disease is characterized by discharge from the nose and eyes, canker sores, and in certain cases, pneumonia or pneumonia.
In cats, this disease can relapse even though it has previously been cured. Therefore, giving the FHV-1 vaccine is very important to prevent severe symptoms, if your beloved cat is infected with this virus.
4. Feline panleucopenia vaccine (FPV vaccine)
This disease is caused by infection with the Parvovirus virus and is a highly contagious disease. Kittens are most commonly reported to be infected with feline panlecopenia.
Symptoms of this disease include decreased energy and appetite, vomiting, and diarrhea in cats. Feline panleucopenia is also often fatal, because it can attack the cells of the cat's body that divide rapidly, such as the intestines and bone marrow. So, make sure your cat gets the FPV cat vaccine, okay?
In veterinary medicine, this combination of feline viral rhinotracheitis, calicivirus, and panleukopenia is often called FVRCP.
In addition to the four core cat vaccines above, there are several non-core vaccines that are usually recommended by doctors if your pet cat is at high risk of being infected with certain diseases, including:
- Feline leukemia vaccine
- Bordetella bronchiseptica vaccine
- Chlamydophila felis Vaccine
- Feline immunodeficiency virus vaccine
Cat vaccine can be given by injection or through a nasal spray (intranasal). Giving cat vaccines depends on the age, he alth condition and lifestyle of the cat.
Cat Vaccination Schedule
Kittens can already get the core vaccine from 6-8 weeks of age. This vaccine is given every 3 or 4 weeks until the cat is 16–20 weeks old.
For adult cats or over 4 months of age whose vaccination history is unknown, the first core vaccine will be given in 2 doses with an interval of 3 or 4 weeks.
The schedule for administering the core cat vaccine, for both domestic and feral cats, is 1–3 years, depending on how long the vaccine lasts. Meanwhile, the recommended FVRCP cat vaccine schedule is once a year.
Make sure your pet does not leave the house or interact with other cats who are at high risk of transmitting the disease until he or she gets the full core cat vaccine.
It should also be remembered that cat vaccines do not fully protect against disease. So, you also have to maintain good he alth, such as bathing the cat regularly, providing the right food, inviting him to play, and maintaining the cleanliness of the cage or place of residence.
If you want to know which cat vaccine is right for your pet, you should first consult a veterinarian. Later, the veterinarian will recommend giving the core vaccine and possibly the non-core vaccine according to your cat's he alth condition.