Table of contents:
The choice of puffy eye medicine is very diverse, from eye drops to ointments. However, the use of puffy eye medication must be adjusted to the underlying cause or condition, so that the treatment is effective and the puffy eye can be resolved immediately
Swollen eyes or periorbital edema is a condition that refers to the buildup of fluid in the tissues around the eyes. Swollen eyes often occur in the eyelids and are accompanied by several other symptoms, such as red, watery or dry eyes.
Swollen eyes can be caused by various things, from crying, irritation or allergies, infections, to eye injuries. Therefore, the use of puffy eye medication needs to be adjusted according to the cause or according to the doctor's recommendation.
Puffy Eye Medicine and Its Use
Before using puffy eye medicine, you need to know what causes puffy eyes you are experiencing first. One way to determine the cause is to consult a doctor.
After doing an eye examination and confirming the cause of your puffy eyes, the doctor will give the appropriate puffy eye medication, including:
1. Artificial tears
Swollen eyes caused by irritation or allergies can be overcome by avoiding the causative factors. In addition, to relieve symptoms of swollen eyes due to irritation and allergies, doctors can also give eye drops in the form of artificial tears.
This drug can be used to treat complaints of swollen and itchy eyes due to allergic reactions in the eyes. Antihistamines prescribed by doctors to treat puffy eyes can be in the form of eye drops or oral medications.
Corticosteroid drugs in the form of eye drops are generally used to treat allergic reactions or severe inflammation of the eye.
Although it can be purchased freely, the use of corticosteroid drugs as a swollen eye medication must be as recommended or directed by a doctor. If used inappropriately, this drug actually risks damaging the eyes and worsening the symptoms experienced.
4. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
Injury to the eye, for example from a blow or blunt object impact, usually causes swollen eyes accompanied by pain and bruising.
Minor eye injuries usually get better on their own within a few days. However, to relieve the complaints that arise, you can rest and apply a cold compress for 15-20 minutes on the swollen eye area.
You can also take painkillers or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as paracetamol, if needed.
Swollen eyes due to infection can cause inflammation called conjunctivitis. The infection can be caused by viruses or bacteria.
Swollen eyes due to viral conjunctivitis usually go away on their own without special treatment. The use of cold compresses on the eyes can be used to relieve symptoms and speed up recovery.
If swollen eyes are caused by a bacterial infection, treatment can be done with antibiotics. This drug can be prescribed by a doctor in the form of eye drops, cream, or eye ointment. In certain cases, the doctor may also prescribe antibiotics in oral form (drugs).
Fungal infection of the eye is a rare condition, but very dangerous. Patients with fungal infections of the eye may experience complaints of swollen, itchy, sore, watery, or red eyes accompanied by visual disturbances.
This condition is more at risk for people who have weak immune systems or contact lens users who are not diligent in changing and keeping their contact lenses clean.
To treat fungal infections of the eye, doctors can prescribe antifungal drugs in the form of eye drops or oral medications. However, if it does not improve, the doctor may suggest other treatment modalities such as surgery, one of which is a corneal implant.
In general, to treat puffy eyes that are relatively mild, the use of cold compresses on the eyes is quite effective. However, if the puffy eyes don't go away, you can use several options for puffy eyes above according to the doctor's prescription and recommendation.
In addition, when your eyes swell or become irritated, avoid using make-up around the eyes for a while until your eye condition returns to normal.
Tips to Prevent Puffy Eyes
There are several ways you can do to prevent puffy eyes, including:
Do an allergy test to find out for sure what causes your allergies. In this way, you can avoid these causes to prevent puffy eyes from occurring.
Using eye protection
For those of you who often do activities with a high risk of eye injury, it is important to always use eye protection. If you are often active in the hot sun, use sunglasses that can protect your eyes from ultraviolet rays.
Using preservative-free eye drops
Use eye drops that do not contain preservatives. Eye drops with preservatives may contain irritating substances that can cause eye irritation.
Wash hands regularly
Frequent washing of hands and stopping the habit of touching your eyes can reduce the risk of eye infections that can cause puffy eyes. Use a clean towel or tissue when cleaning your face and eyes.
Regular cleaning of contact lenses
For those of you who use contact lenses, you must regularly clean and replace contact lenses. This is to minimize the risk of eye infection or irritation.
In addition to the methods above, you also need to have regular eye he alth checks to the doctor every 2-3 years, or once a year for those who are over 50 years old. An eye examination needs to be done especially if you have experienced eye problems, including puffy eyes.
After examining the condition of your eyes and determining the cause, the doctor will give the appropriate puffy eye medication so that the complaints you are experiencing can be resolved immediately.