Knowing Happy Hypoxia in COVID-19 Disease

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Knowing Happy Hypoxia in COVID-19 Disease
Knowing Happy Hypoxia in COVID-19 Disease

The term 'happy hypoxia' is often associated with Corona virus infection. Although the term gives the impression of feeling happy, in fact happy hypoxia needs to be watched out for because it endangers people with COVID-19

COVID-19 can cause various symptoms, such as fever, cough, and runny nose. In severe cases, this disease can cause shortness of breath and loss of consciousness due to lack of oxygen.

Getting to know Happy Hypoxia in COVID-19 Disease - Alodokter

If you experience symptoms of Corona virus infection and require a COVID-19 examination, click the link below so you can be directed to the nearest he alth facility:

  • Rapid Antibody Test
  • Antigen Swab (Rapid Test Antigen)
  • PCR

On the other hand, there are also COVID-19 sufferers who do not feel any symptoms. Well, even though sometimes there are no symptoms, it turns out that Corona virus infection can make the sufferer's body experience a slow decline in oxygen.

The phenomenon of decreasing the amount of oxygen in the body without causing any symptoms is known as happy hypoxia.

Hypoxemia and Happy Hypoxia

Normally, oxygen levels in the blood (oxygen saturation) are in the range of 95-100% or around 75-100 mmHg. When the oxygen level in the blood is reduced to below this number, the body will experience a lack of oxygen. This condition is called hypoxemia or hypoxia.

There are many things that can cause a person to experience hypoxia, including:

  • Heart disorders
  • Lung function disorders, such as asthma, emphysema, bronchitis, pneumonia, COPD, and lung cancer
  • Sleep apnea
  • Anemia

In addition, hypoxia can also occur in people who dive to a certain depth or are at a certain height.

Hypoxia that is not handled properly can cause tissue and organ damage, such as the brain and heart. When this happens, organ function will be disrupted, causing various he alth problems.

Most of the sufferers who experience hypoxia will experience symptoms of shortness of breath, weakness, pale skin, changes in heart rate, and increased respiratory rate. If it is severe, hypoxia can make the sufferer experience decreased consciousness or even coma.

However, in certain cases, hypoxia can occur without any symptoms and is only detected when the patient undergoes blood tests or oxygen saturation checks with a pulse oximeter.This condition, called silent hypoxia or happy hypoxia, is thought to occur in patients with COVID-19.

The Cause of Happy Hypoxia

There is a theory that says happy hypoxia occurs due to inflammation of the lung tissue caused by Corona virus infection. There are also those who say that this occurs because of problems with the nervous system that regulates respiratory function and oxygen levels in the blood.

Although the cause of happy hypoxia in patients with COVID-19 has not been determined, several studies have shown that happy hypoxia can increase the risk of death in patients with COVID-19.

Therefore, everyone who is tested positive for COVID-19 still needs to be vigilant even if they don't experience any symptoms.

Happy Hypoxia Treatment

Hypoxic conditions, whether symptomatic or not, need to be treated by a doctor immediately. To treat hypoxia, the doctor will provide oxygen therapy and treat diseases or conditions that cause a decrease in oxygen levels.

In hypoxic patients who can still breathe, hypoxia can be treated by administering oxygen, either using a tube or an oxygen concentrator and then channeling it using a hose or mask. Meanwhile, in patients who have decreased consciousness or cannot breathe, the doctor will provide oxygen through a ventilator and carry out treatment in the ICU.

If you feel symptoms of COVID-19 or have been in contact with people who are positive for COVID-19, you can chat with doctors on the ALODOKTER application.

If you are declared infected with the Corona virus, continue to regularly monitor oxygen levels using an oximeter to prevent happy hypoxia.

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