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The baby's placenta has a very important role, one of which is to supply oxygen and nutrients that the fetus needs while in the womb. Disorders of the placenta can affect the he alth and even threaten the safety of the baby
In addition to supplying oxygen and nutrients needed by the fetus, the placenta also plays a role in producing pregnancy-supporting hormones, removing carbon dioxide, and protecting the fetus from shock and infection.
Types of Placenta Disorders
The role of the baby's placenta in supporting the development of the fetus in the womb is very important. No wonder when there is interference with the placenta, the he alth and safety of the fetus can be disrupted.
There are various disorders that can occur in the placenta, including:
1. Placenta previa
Placenta previa occurs when part or all of the placenta blocks the birth canal. The main symptom of placenta previa is vaginal bleeding, both during pregnancy and delivery.
The cause of placenta previa is not known with certainty. Even so, there are several factors that are thought to make pregnant women more at risk of suffering from placenta previa, namely:
- Pregnant at 35 years or older
- Have you ever been pregnant before
- Have had cesarean section
- Containing twins
2. Placenta accreta
Placenta accreta is a placental disorder in which blood vessels and tissues in this organ grow too deep in the uterine wall. This condition can cause bleeding in the birth canal and heavy bleeding after delivery.
The cause of placenta accreta is also not known with certainty. However, the risk of pregnant women to experience placenta accreta tends to be greater if they have given birth by caesarean section or have given birth several times.
3. Placental abruption or abruptio placenta
Placental abruption occurs when the placenta separates from the uterine wall before delivery. Placental abruption is a dangerous condition because it can reduce the supply of oxygen and nutrients to the fetus.
In fact, this condition can endanger the lives of pregnant women due to heavy bleeding and cause death in newborns.
4. Retention of the placenta
Placental retention is a disorder in which the placenta or placenta does not come out of the uterus after 30 minutes of delivery. This placental disorder can occur because the uterine contractions are not strong enough to push the placenta out.
Retention of the placenta can also occur due to the placenta growing too deep in the uterine wall (placenta accreta) or the placenta is trapped behind the uterine wall making it difficult to get out. Retention of the placenta is a dangerous complication of pregnancy because it can cause infection and death due to heavy bleeding.
Placental disorders are difficult to prevent because the cause is not clearly known. Even so, this condition can be anticipated and detected early by conducting regular pregnancy check-ups with the doctor.