Knowing disturbing anxiety and its various types

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Knowing disturbing anxiety and its various types
Knowing disturbing anxiety and its various types

Anxiety is a normal thing to feel when someone faces a situation or hears news that causes fear or worry. However, anxiety needs to be watched out for if it appears for no reason or is difficult to control, because it could be caused by an anxiety disorder

Anxiety disorders and anxiety are not the same. Anxiety is considered normal if it is still under control and disappears after the triggering factors for anxiety are resolved.

Get to know disturbing anxiety and its various types - Alodokter

However, if feelings of anxiety persist, even worsen to the point where it interferes with daily activities, the condition can be said to be an anxiety disorder.

Know the Symptoms of Anxiety

Everyone can feel anxious when they are about to face or are in a situation that is felt to be threatening or scary.

Some examples of these situations are changing schools, starting a new job, about to undergo surgery, facing an exam, experiencing an accident, or waiting for a wife to give birth.

The emergence of anxiety because they have to deal with situations or circumstances that are considered to be stressful is normal. Anxious people will usually feel the following symptoms:

  • Nervous, nervous and tense
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Fast breath
  • Shaking
  • Difficulty or even unable to sleep
  • Too much sweat
  • Body feels weak
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • There is a feeling like danger will be overwritten

Distinguishing Normal Anxiety from Dangerous Anxiety

Anxiety is not always a bad thing. With positive thoughts, anxiety that arises can be used as motivation or encouragement to be able to overcome certain challenges or situations.

For example, when you are about to take an exam or a job interview, anxiety might motivate you to study or prepare for a job interview as well as possible.

The thing to watch out for is when anxiety persists even though the trigger factor has disappeared, or feelings of anxiety appear for no apparent reason and interfere with activities. In this case, you should suspect an anxiety disorder.

Anxiety symptoms that are felt can be different for each person, depending on the type of anxiety disorder suffered. To determine whether the anxiety that appears is normal or caused by mental disorders, it is necessary to carry out further examination by a psychologist or psychiatrist.

Some Types of Anxiety You Need to Know

The following are the types of anxiety disorders and their symptoms:

1. Generalized anxiety disorder

A person who suffers from generalized anxiety disorder can feel anxious or worried continuously and excessively about various things, ranging from work, he alth, to simple and normal things that happen everyday, such as interacting with other people..

Anxiety that arises due to generalized anxiety disorder can be felt every day and persists for more than 6 months. As a result, people with this anxiety disorder will find it difficult to carry out daily activities and work.

In addition to disturbing anxiety, people with generalized anxiety disorder may also feel tired, tense, nauseated, headache, difficulty concentrating, shortness of breath, and insomnia.

2. Phobia

Phobia is a type of anxiety disorder that makes sufferers have an excessive fear and tend to be irrational towards certain objects, animals, or situations.

People who have a phobia may experience panic attacks or intense fear when they see something or are in a place that triggers the phobia, such as spiders, blood, being in a crowd, dark places, high places or closed room.

Therefore, people with phobias will usually make every effort to distance themselves from the thing or situation that they fear.

3. Social anxiety disorder

People with social anxiety disorder or social phobia have extreme anxiety or fear of social situations or situations when interacting with other people.

People with this phobia always feel watched and judged by others, and are afraid or excessively embarrassed when in a crowd.

These things make the sufferer always try to avoid situations that require him to meet or interact with many people.

4. PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder)

Post-traumatic stress disorder or PTSD can occur in someone who has experienced a traumatic event or been in a dangerous, life-threatening situation. For example, living in a conflict or war area, being affected by a natural disaster, or being a victim of violence.

People who suffer from PTSD often find it difficult to forget the traumatic experience, whether it comes to mind or when dreaming, which then makes them feel guilty, isolated, and difficult to socialize with others.

Sometimes people who have PTSD can also experience insomnia and even depression.

5. Panic disorder

Panic with panic disorder who can feel scared or panicked for no apparent reason. Anxiety and panic attacks due to this disorder can appear at any time and occur suddenly or repeatedly.

When panic symptoms appear, people with panic disorder can usually feel a number of other symptoms, such as heart palpitations, cold sweats, dizziness, shortness of breath, and body shaking and feeling weak.

People with panic disorder cannot predict when the disorder will appear or what triggers. Therefore, not a few people with panic disorder who distance themselves from the social environment for fear of having panic attacks relapse in public places.

6. Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)

People who suffer from OCD have a tendency to do things over and over again to relieve anxiety that comes from their own thoughts, for example, washing their hands 3 times because they think their hands are still dirty.

This disorder is difficult to control, persistent, and can recur at any time, making it difficult for the sufferer to carry out daily activities.

Some Ways to Overcome Anxiety

To relieve or prevent feelings of anxiety, you can do the following ways:

  • Enough sleep and rest
  • Limiting the consumption of caffeine and alcoholic beverages
  • Reduce stress by trying relaxation techniques, such as meditation and yoga
  • Do physical activity or exercise regularly
  • Trying to share ideas or vent with friends

If the above methods have been carried out and the anxiety triggering factors have also been resolved, but the anxiety has not gone away, you should consult a psychiatrist. To determine the cause and type of anxiety disorder you are experiencing, a psychiatrist will perform a psychological examination.

If the results of the examination show that you have an anxiety disorder, the psychiatrist will deal with the anxiety you feel with psychotherapy and counseling, as well as administering sedatives if needed.

Anxiety that arises due to anxiety disorders over time has the potential to make sufferers feel depressed, want to commit suicide, to abuse drugs or alcoholic beverages. Therefore, if you experience it, immediately consult a psychiatrist.

Anxiety that arises due to anxiety disorders over time has the potential to make sufferers feel depressed, want to commit suicide, and abuse drugs or alcoholic beverages.

Therefore, if you experience prolonged anxiety, you should consult with a psychiatrist further to get the appropriate treatment.

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