Beware! These are the Causes and Risk Factors of Chronic Bronchitis

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Beware! These are the Causes and Risk Factors of Chronic Bronchitis
Beware! These are the Causes and Risk Factors of Chronic Bronchitis

Chronic bronchitis is a serious medical condition that can cause several disorders of the respiratory tract. To prevent this disease, you need to know what the causes and risk factors are

Inflammation of the lower respiratory tract, especially the bronchi, which occurs for 3 months in 1 year and lasts for 2 consecutive years is categorized as chronic bronchitis.

Alert! These are the Causes and Risk Factors of Chronic Bronchitis - Alodokter

This form of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can cause severe recurrent infections, narrowing, and blockage of the respiratory tract, making it difficult for sufferers to breathe.

Given the impact on he alth, especially on the respiratory tract, it is important for you to know what are the causes and risk factors for chronic bronchitis in order to avoid this disease.

Chronic Bronchitis Causes

In contrast to acute bronchitis which is often caused by viral and bacterial infections, chronic bronchitis is caused by exposure to harmful chemicals from cigarette smoke over a long period of time. Chemical substances in cigarette smoke are known to irritate the respiratory tract.

In addition, air pollution and exposure to other harmful chemicals, such as from factories or the work environment, can also put you at risk for chronic bronchitis.

Chronic Bronchitis Risk Factors

In addition to exposure to substances that irritate the airways, here are some factors that can make a person more at risk of developing chronic bronchitis:

  • Has a history of lung diseases, such as sinusitis, asthma, pulmonary emphysema, pulmonary fibrosis, tuberculosis (TB), and upper respiratory tract infections
  • Over 40 years old
  • Has a history of genetic diseases, such as alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency
  • Has a family history of COPD

The symptoms of chronic bronchitis are known to be similar to some other lung and respiratory tract disorders, such as coughing up phlegm, wheezing, and shortness of breath.

Usually, these symptoms are accompanied by some special symptoms, such as bluish discoloration of the nails, lips and skin, swollen feet, or even heart failure.

Chronic Bronchitis Treatment

If you experience some of the symptoms above, it never hurts to see a doctor. The doctor will perform several physical and supporting examinations which include:

  • Lung function tests, including spirometry tests
  • Chest X-ray
  • Blood gas analysis
  • CT scan

After the test results are obtained and you are declared to have chronic bronchitis, the doctor will suggest treatment in the form of:

  • Change lifestyle
  • Using certain medications, such as bronchodilators and anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Doing oxygen therapy
  • Going through a rehabilitation program

Do not hesitate to consult a doctor if you experience various symptoms of respiratory tract disorders that are suspected to be symptoms of chronic bronchitis. The doctor will carry out a series of examinations to confirm your condition and provide the appropriate treatment.

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