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Infection with worms or worms often makes the body uncomfortable, especially because of the itching around the anus. Understanding the right deworming treatment, both naturally and with medication, will help you deal with this problem
worms are caused by various types of parasitic worms. Cases of worm infection are common in subtropical or tropical areas with warm and humid climates, and often occur in areas with poor sanitation. Although it can occur at any age, intestinal worms are most common in school-age children.
Several types of parasitic worms, such as tapeworms, flatworms, pinworms, roundworms, and hookworms, can cause intestinal worms. This infection is transmitted through food, water, or soil contaminated with worms or parasitic worm eggs.
Infection of parasitic worms through the soil generally occurs in children, because they usually forget to wear footwear when playing outdoors or wash their hands after playing.
The itching that often occurs due to intestinal worms can interfere with daily activities, even causing difficulty sleeping. Therefore, proper deworming treatment is very important to overcome the symptoms that arise.
Symptoms of Worms and Their Impact on He alth
worms can appear with or without symptoms. A person can even have worms for years without showing symptoms. If symptomatic, people with worms will usually feel the following complaints:
- Itching around the anus or vagina
- Vaginal discharge
- Loss of appetite
- Inflammation of the vagina
- stomach ache
- stomach bloating
- Sudden weight loss
- Pain when urinating
Under certain conditions, intestinal worms can be marked by the discharge of worms with feces during defecation.
Although it can sometimes cause serious complications, intestinal worms are generally harmless. However, the perceived complaints can interfere with activities.
The itching that appears can make people with worms scratch the area around their anus. This will increase the risk of irritation, injury, and bacterial infection of the skin.
In addition, helminth infections can also cause the body to lack nutrients, such as iron, protein, and vitamin A, because worms take food from the host's body, including blood. Lack of nutrition due to intestinal worms can even increase the risk of stunting in children.
Some types of worms can also cause anemia, if it occurs for a long time without proper treatment.
If you feel some of the symptoms as mentioned above, you should consult a doctor to get the appropriate treatment.
The doctor's examination includes a physical examination and supporting examination in the form of a stool examination to check the presence or absence of worm eggs. An examination can also be done in the form of a scotch tape test or a blood test.
After it is confirmed that you have intestinal worms, the doctor can prescribe several types of deworming drugs, such as the following:
This deworming drug works by killing parasitic worms that cause intestinal worms. Mebendazole is usually used to treat infections caused by roundworms, hookworms, pinworms, and whipworms. This drug is taken 2 times a day, morning and night, for 3 days.
Albendazole is often used to treat tapeworm infections. Just like mebendazole, this deworming treatment also works by killing worms. This medicine is also usually taken 2 times a day.
3. Pamoat pyrantel
Pirantel pamoate is commonly prescribed for the treatment of intestinal worms caused by pinworms, roundworms, and hookworms. Unlike the previous two deworming drugs, this deworming will paralyze the worms so that they can be excreted naturally through the feces.
The combination of several types of worm medicine is also known to be effective in dealing with intestinal worms. According to research, deworming is more effective using a combination of albendazole, pyrantel pamoate, and oxantel pamoate.
You can choose various types of deworming preparations, from caplets to suspensions, according to your needs. Deworming medicine is now also available in various flavors, such as orange and vanilla latte, which can be an alternative for those of you who do not like the bitter taste of medicine.
Although there are many over-the-counter deworming products on the market, be sure to choose deworming drugs that have been registered with BPOM and read the instructions for use before consuming them.
In addition to taking deworming medicine, treatment for worms must also be done by ensuring that household items, such as clothes, sheets, towels, and children's toys, are kept clean.
You can also clean the area around the anus in the morning shower to remove worm eggs that stick.
This is important because deworming drugs can only kill worms in the intestine, but cannot kill worm eggs in the anus. Worm eggs can survive for 2 weeks and can cause new infections if ingested.
Although worms are not life threatening, prevention of worm infection still needs to be done by implementing the following things:
- Avoid eating raw meat and fish.
- Wash and peel vegetables or fruits thoroughly.
- If freezing meat or fish, freeze at -20oC for at least 24 hours.
- Cook vegetables with boiled water.
- Avoid contact with soil that may be contaminated with human waste.
- Diligently wash your hands with soap and water.
- Wash underwear, pajamas, blankets, sheets, and towels used by people with intestinal worms thoroughly and soak them in hot water.
Come on, take care of each other's body, food, and family environment. Also make sure your immune system is strong, to fight worm infections in the body.
If you still experience worms despite taking precautions, take deworming medicine as mentioned above.
If the complaints are getting worse, including complaints of itching around the anus at night, consult a doctor to get the right treatment for intestinal worms.