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There are various types of cancer that can attack the eye area. Each type of eye cancer generally has different trigger factors and symptoms. Therefore, it is important to know the various types of eye cancer so that it can be detected early and get treatment immediately
Eye cancer occurs when cells in the eye tissue, such as the eyeball, eyelids, or tear glands, grow abnormally and become malignant. As a result, these cells damage the surrounding tissue.
This disease generally affects adults, but that doesn't mean children can't get it. Causes and symptoms of eye cancer can also vary depending on the type of eye cancer suffered.
Types of Eye Cancer and their Symptoms
The following are some types of eye cancer that are common and can be distinguished based on the tissue of origin:
1. Intraocular melanoma
Intraocular melanoma is a common type of eye cancer in adults. This type of cancer occurs in the melanocyte cells that function to produce melanin in the eye. Melanin is a pigment that produces skin, hair, and eye color.
Intraocular melanoma eye cancer generally does not show early symptoms because it is difficult to detect and only causes symptoms if the cancer tissue has spread and progressed further.
In addition, the symptoms of melanoma cancer will be different for each sufferer. However, there are some common symptoms that appear in this type of intraocular melanoma eye cancer, namely:
- Blurred or blurred vision
- Visibility decreased, even blindness
- Change the shape and size of the pupil
- Change the position of the eyeball or eyes become squinted
- The appearance of black spots on the iris of the eye, which is the part that gives color to the eye
2. Primary intraocular lymphoma
The next type of eye cancer is primary intraocular lymphoma. Primary intraocular lymphoma is a type of eye cancer that originates from cells in the lymph nodes in the eye.
Patients with this type of eye cancer usually already have a disorder in their immune system, such as autoimmune disease or HIV/AIDS. In addition, primary intraocular lymphoma is also at higher risk for patients who have undergone eye transplantation.
Some of the common symptoms that people with this type of eye cancer can experience include:
- Blurred vision
- Decreased even loss of sight
- Red eyes
- eyes look swollen
- Eyes hurt
- Sight becomes sensitive to light
Retinoblastoma is a type of eye cancer that occurs in children. This eye cancer occurs due to changes in genes in the retina or the layer located in the back wall of the eyeball.
The cause of this gene mutation in the retina is not known with certainty. However, according to research, this type of eye cancer occurs due to genetic or hereditary disorders.
There are several symptoms that can be experienced by patients with retinoblastoma, namely:
- Red eyes
- Swollen eyes and enlarged eyeballs
- Squint eyes
- eyes hurt
- Sight deteriorates
- Change the color of the iris on the eye
As previously explained, the symptoms of eye cancer will differ depending on the underlying cause. In addition, some of the symptoms of eye cancer above do not always appear in every sufferer.
Therefore, to make a proper diagnosis, it is necessary to perform a physical examination by a doctor and be accompanied by supporting examinations, such as an ophthalmoscope, slit lamp, and gonioscopy. It aims to determine the ability of eye vision, the condition of the inside of the eye, and the movement of the eyeball.
To prevent eye cancer, you can limit exposure to direct sunlight, wear a hat and sunglasses, and use sunscreen when going out in the hot sun.
Those are some types of eye cancer and their symptoms, if you have vision problems or experience the symptoms mentioned above, immediately consult a doctor so that it can be detected and get treatment as early as possible.