The Causes of Stomach Cramps During Menstruation and How to Treat It

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The Causes of Stomach Cramps During Menstruation and How to Treat It
The Causes of Stomach Cramps During Menstruation and How to Treat It

Many women experience stomach cramps during menstruation. This complaint can disappear by itself as the end of the menstrual period. However, not infrequently stomach cramps can interfere with activities so that they require treatment

Stomach cramps during menstruation are different from premenstrual syndrome. Abdominal cramps occur a few days before and during the menstrual period, while premenstrual syndrome occurs a week or two before menstruation.

Causes of Stomach Cramps During Menstruation and How to Treat It - Alodokter

Although relatively common, abdominal cramps during menstruation often cause discomfort. In fact, in severe enough conditions it can interfere with daily activities.

Causes of Stomach Cramps During Menstruation

Stomach cramps during menstruation are generally normal. This is because the uterus produces too many prostaglandins during menstruation. This substance makes the uterine muscles contract, causing cramps.

This stomach cramping condition can occur 1 or 2 days before menstruation, then continues when entering the early days of menstruation. However, as you get older or after giving birth, the stomach cramps may lessen.

In addition, abdominal cramps during menstruation can also be caused by certain diseases, such as:

1. Miom

Myoma is a lump that grows on the wall of the uterus. In addition to abdominal cramps during menstruation, fibroids can also cause heavy bleeding during menstruation, lower back pain, and pain during sexual intercourse.

2. Adenomyosis

Adenomyosis occurs when the endometrium or the surface lining of the uterine cavity grows into the muscular part of the uterus. This condition causes abdominal cramps during menstruation, abdominal bloating, and prolonged menstruation.

3. Endometriosis

Endometriosis occurs when endometrial tissue grows outside the uterus, for example in the ovaries, vagina, and even the intestines. In addition to abdominal cramps during menstruation, symptoms of endometriosis can include pain during sexual intercourse, abdominal pain when urinating, and difficulty getting pregnant.

4. Cervical stenosis

Stenosis of the cervix or cervix is ​​a rare condition. This disease occurs when the canal in the cervix narrows, usually as a result of a surgical scar. Symptoms that appear can include abdominal cramps during menstruation and impaired fertility or difficulty conceiving.

5. Pelvic inflammatory disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease can also cause abdominal cramps during menstruation. This condition occurs when there is an infection in the female reproductive organs which is generally caused by sexually transmitted diseases.

In addition to the above diseases, there are several other factors that can increase the risk of abdominal cramps during menstruation, such as early puberty, irregular menstrual cycles, heavy bleeding during menstruation, family history of menstrual cramps, and smoking.

How to Treat Abdominal Cramps During Menstruation

To relieve stomach cramps during menstruation, there are several ways you can do, namely:

  • Give a warm compress on the lower abdomen using a bottle filled with hot water or menstrual pain relief plaster
  • Exercise regularly, at least 30 minutes every day
  • Do relaxation techniques, for example through yoga or meditation
  • Gently massage the stomach
  • Trying to take a hot shower
  • Quit smoking habit

If the above methods do not relieve stomach cramps during menstruation or your activities are quite disturbed by it, you can take over-the-counter pain relievers, such as paracetamol or ibuprofen.

Try to get plenty of rest when your period comes. In addition, elevating your legs or bending your knees when lying down can usually reduce stomach cramps during menstruation.

If stomach cramps always occur every time you menstruate, have interfered with your activities, or don't go away despite the various methods above, it is recommended that you see a doctor so that the cause can be identified and treated appropriately.

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