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Black, white, yellow fungal infection in India was widely heard amid the outbreak of the COVID-19 disease. This condition is suspected to be one of the secondary or concomitant infections that occurs due to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus that causes COVID-19 disease
Some time ago, there was news of the spread of black, white and yellow fungal infections that attacked several COVID-19 patients in India. In fact, there was one patient who contracted all three types of fungal infections at once during the post-COVID treatment period.
Black, White, Yellow Fungal Infection
Here's what is known about black, white, yellow fungal infections:
Black fungus infection or mucormycosis is a serious, but relatively rare, type of fungal infection. This infection is caused by the mucormycetes group of fungi. People who have weak immune systems are more susceptible to black fungus infections.
Brain, skin, sinuses, and lungs are the body parts that are attacked by black fungus. However, it is possible for the infection to spread throughout the body through the blood.
Black fungus infection will cause symptoms according to the location where the fungus grows. Generally, people with black fungus infection will experience fever and chills accompanied by some special symptoms, such as:
- Half of face is swollen
- Stuffy nose
- Black spots on the bridge of the nose or upper mouth that can spread quickly and get worse
- chest pain
- Shortness of breath
The treatment of black fungus infection is done by giving antifungal drugs, such as amphotericin B, posaconazole, and isavuconazole.
White fungal infection or candidiasis is caused by Candida fungi, both C. albicans and C. auris. This type of fungus is normally present on the skin and some organs without causing problems. However, when the immune system weakens or the fungus overgrows, candidiasis can develop and worsen if left untreated.
White fungus infection can spread in hospitals and other he alth facilities. through the following ways:
- Making direct contact with contaminated surfaces or equipment
- Using a bladder catheter
- Using a feeding tube
- Immunity to some antibiotics
Several examinations, ranging from physical examinations to supporting blood cultures, may be carried out to determine whether a person is infected with white fungus or not.
Here are the symptoms of white fungus disease:
- There is a white or yellow coating on the tongue, gums, roof of the mouth, or the inside of the cheeks
- Redness or pain in the mouth and throat
- Skin at the corners of the mouth is cracked
- Pain when swallowing
- Easy to feel tired
- Fever and chills that don't go away
The treatment of white yeast infections usually uses antifungal drugs, such as nystatin, clotrimazole, fluconazole, echinocandins, anidulafungin, and micafungin. The dose given is adjusted to the severity of the infection.
Yellow fungal infection or aspergillosis is caused by the fungus Aspergillus. Yellow yeast infection is actually not dangerous, but this condition is more prone to be experienced by people who have a weak immune system.
Some of the symptoms that will appear if someone is infected with yellow fungus disease, including:
- Shortness of breath
- Cough that can progress to coughing up blood
- Stuffy or runny nose
- chest pain
- Decreased smelling ability
- Weight loss
Just like the treatment of other fungal infections above, aspergillosis can be treated by giving antifungals, such as itraconazole, voriconazole, amphotericin, caspofungin, micafungin, or posaconazole.
Although usually harmless, black, white, yellow fungal diseases can also be life threatening if not treated properly. Therefore, do not hesitate to consult a doctor if you experience some of the symptoms above.