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Swollen gums or gingival swelling is often accompanied by pain and makes the mouth area feel uncomfortable. Not infrequently, this condition also interferes with activities and causes teeth to fall out
The gums are pink, thick, fibrous, and full of blood vessels that line the jawbone. Gum he alth is also important in relation to general oral he alth.
Usually, swollen gums will be red and feel slightly raised or swollen. In addition, swollen gums that are accompanied by pain will also become more sensitive and easily irritated, making it easier to bleed when you brush your teeth.
Causes of Swollen Gums
Swollen and painful gums are generally caused by certain diseases or conditions. There are at least 4 types of conditions that cause swollen and painful gums, including:
Swollen gums are often caused by gingivitis. However, some people do not realize that they have gingivitis because the symptoms are sometimes mild, even not felt at all.
Gingivitis often occurs due to lack of oral hygiene, causing the buildup of plaque and tartar on the teeth and gums.
There are many changes that occur in the body during pregnancy, one of which is the gums. Sometimes, the gums can become swollen and painful. This could be due to hormonal changes during pregnancy.
These hormonal changes also affect the immune system, so that the body's ability to fight bacteria is reduced, including the cause of infections in the oral cavity.This condition is also one of the causes of infection which leads to the appearance of swollen and painful gums.
To maintain a he althy body as a whole, eat a he althy and balanced diet. This is so that the nutritional needs of the body are still met and do not cause he alth problems, including gum he alth.
Vitamin deficiency, especially vitamin B and vitamin C, is known to cause swollen and painful gums. The reason is, both types of vitamins have an important role for gum he alth.
For example, a lack of vitamin C can increase the risk of scurvy, which causes anemia, swollen gums, and bleeding gums.
Infectious diseases caused by fungi or viruses can also make swollen gums hurt, for example herpes. This disease can cause gingivostomatitis, and cause the gums to become swollen and sore.
In addition, thrush or oral candidiasis or thrush caused by a yeast infection can also make the gums swollen and sore.
How to Treat Swollen and Painful Gums
If you experience swollen and painful gums, you can try the following tips to relieve them:
- Brush your teeth using a soft-bristled toothbrush, so the gums are not irritated
- Gargle using s alt water or mouthwash to remove bacteria in the mouth
- Sufficient body fluids to stimulate saliva production, so that disease-causing bacteria can be weakened
- Avoid materials that irritate sore swollen gums, including consumption of alcoholic beverages and smoking
- Compress with warm water or cold water on the face or swollen area to reduce pain and reduce swelling
Besides that, there are also ways you can do to prevent sore swollen gums, including:
- Brushing teeth 2 times a day or using dental floss
- Using mouthwash to kill disease-causing bacteria
- Sufficient nutrition and body fluids
- Quit smoking habit
- Avoid consumption of foods that are too hot or too cold
- Manage stress well
If you have tried some of the suggestions above but the swollen gums are not getting better, don't hesitate to consult a dentist, especially if the complaint is accompanied by loose and loose teeth, bleeding gums when brushing your teeth, bad breath that persists. continuously, or the gums feel soft.