Beware of Symptoms of DHF in Adolescents and How to Overcome Them

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Beware of Symptoms of DHF in Adolescents and How to Overcome Them
Beware of Symptoms of DHF in Adolescents and How to Overcome Them

Dengue hemorrhagic fever can attack anyone, including teenagers. For that, you need to recognize the symptoms of DHF in adolescents and the right way of handling it, so as not to be missed and even fatal

Beware of the Symptoms of DHF in Adolescents and How to Overcome Them - Alodokter

As we all know, dengue fever or DHF is a type of disease that often hits tropical areas, including Indonesia.

Until now, there are no specific symptoms of dengue fever in adolescents. However, adolescents with a previous history of dengue fever will be more susceptible to infection with this disease with more severe symptoms.

DHF Symptoms in Teenagers

Just like adults, some teenagers can get dengue fever. The symptoms and signs that appear are similar to the symptoms of dengue fever experienced by adults in general, such as:

  • High fever
  • Pain behind eyes
  • Muscle, joint and bone pain
  • Great headache
  • Red spots on skin
  • Nosebleeds or bleeding gums
  • Easy to bruise

Those who suffer from dengue fever will generally experience improvement in symptoms within 2-7 days. However, in some people, dengue fever can develop into symptoms of dengue fever in adolescents after the fever goes down. Some of these symptoms include:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • stomach pain
  • Difficulty breathing
  • heavy bleeding

Teenagers who experience symptoms of dengue fever, or what can be called the danger signs of dengue fever, must immediately seek medical attention.

If the bleeding is quite heavy, especially if it is a teenage girl during the menstrual cycle, this can lead to a drastic drop in pressure, and can even be life-threatening.

Handling and Prevention Steps

Until now, there has been no special treatment for DHF in adolescents and other age groups. The treatment given is usually adjusted to the symptoms of DHF in adolescents.

Some of the ways commonly given to reduce these symptoms include:

1. Maintain body fluid needs

Symptoms of high fever that usually occur as a symptom of DHF in adolescents are at risk of causing dehydration. For that, make sure to meet fluid needs by consuming water and electrolyte fluids.

Increasing fluid consumption during fever is also believed to help reduce fever.

2. Taking drugs

Consuming drugs such as paracetamol can help relieve symptoms of dengue fever in the form of fever or muscle pain. However, avoid using drugs that contain aspirin or ibuprofen because they can increase the risk of bleeding.

In addition, if the symptoms of DHF in adolescents are quite severe, further treatment at the hospital needs to be carried out. Several treatments that may be given are the installation of intravenous fluids, to blood transfusions.

To prevent dengue infection in this teenager, as much as possible avoid mosquito bites, namely by:

  • Wearing clothes that cover the body
  • Applying mosquito repellent lotion containing diethyltoluamide (DEET)
  • Install mosquito nets on windows or mosquito nets while sleeping
  • Limiting time outside the house when mosquitoes are active, namely in the morning and evening
  • Reducing locations that allow mosquitoes to breed by disposing of used goods and closing water reservoirs around the residence

Do not hesitate to consult a doctor if the symptoms of dengue fever in adolescents do not subside, especially if they experience severe abdominal pain, shortness of breath, even vomiting or bloody stools. The doctor may also carry out laboratory tests before giving the appropriate treatment.

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