Things to Know about Wound Care

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Things to Know about Wound Care
Things to Know about Wound Care

Wound care is a way to treat wounds that occur due to accidents, postoperative, post-stitching, or pressure sores. If done properly, wound care can prevent infection and speed up the recovery process

Skin is prone to various he alth problems, including minor to severe injuries. The wound can be caused by a sharp object incision, injury, or complications of certain diseases.

Things to Know about Wound Care - Alodokter

In addition to the surface of the skin, wounds can also damage structures under the skin, such as muscles, bones, or nerves. These various types of wounds need to be treated according to their type to prevent damage to other organs.

Wound Treatment Goals

Generally, minor injuries can be treated independently. However, deeper wounds require medical attention from a doctor. Wound care by doctors aims to:

  • Cleaning wounds from pus and dead skin cells
  • Preventing wounds from infection
  • Change the bandage or dressing
  • Accelerate healing
  • Minimize scars or keloid formation

Wound Care Alert

Depending on the type of wound experienced, there are things that need to be considered before performing wound care, to prevent the wound from getting worse, including:

  • Avoid applying ointments or creams that are not for open wounds.
  • Do not use butter, egg whites, toothpaste, and other ingredients that are not intended for wound care.
  • Avoid wiping the wound with cotton, because the remnants of cotton fibers can be left behind and make the wound infected.
  • Do not clean the wound with alcohol and antiseptic solutions.

If you are seriously injured and require medical attention, there are several things you need to tell your doctor. This is to prevent interference during wound care.

Tell your doctor if you experience any of the following:

  • Allergy to infection-preventing drugs, such as povidone iodine
  • Allergy to certain antibiotics
  • Allergy to gauze or bandages
  • Diabetes or diseases that can interfere with blood clotting

Preparation Before Wound Treatment

Preparation that patients need to do is to avoid things that can hinder the wound care process. Some things that patients need to do before undergoing wound care are:

  • Do not take drugs that interfere with the wound healing process, such as aspirin
  • Do not use antiseptic creams, chemicals, and other ingredients that are not for treating wounds

Wound Treatment Procedure

Wound care procedures may vary, but in general the stages the doctor will perform include:

  • Wash your hands thoroughly and put on sterile gloves
  • Ask the patient to undress if the wound is on the chest, back, or groin
  • Remove the bandage slowly, or by first wetting the bandage with sterile saline solution for easy removal
  • Examine the wound by looking and feeling for pus, pain, signs of infection, or dead tissue.
  • Clean and compress the wound with gauze moistened with sterile saline
  • Applying a special ointment or cream for each type of wound if needed, for example an antibiotic cream for wounds with signs of infection
  • Cover the wound with a special dressing according to the type and location of the wound, then apply a bandage or bandage it

After Wound Treatment

After undergoing wound care, the doctor will prescribe oral antibiotics and painkillers if the wound looks infected. Meanwhile, if there are signs of dead tissue, the doctor can refer the patient to undergo debridement surgery.

If the patient has finished undergoing treatment at the hospital, the doctor will provide instructions on how to treat the wound at home until it heals. However, patients are advised to immediately go to the nearest he alth service if they experience the following conditions:

  • Fever
  • The wound emits an unpleasant odor
  • Intense pain in the area around the wound
  • Blood or pus from the wound

Patients are also advised to make some efforts to help the wound recovery process, namely:

  • Eat nutritious food, including vegetables and fruits that contain vitamin A and vitamin C
  • Drink enough water
  • Open the bandage or bandage on the wound slowly to prevent the wound from getting worse
  • Do not scratch or peel freshly dry wounds
  • Consult your doctor about using medications or creams to reduce scarring
  • Avoid activities that cause injury and undergo treatment according to doctor's advice if you have diabetes

Wound Treatment Complications

The success of wound care is influenced by various factors, such as the condition of the wound and the type of treatment provided. Some wound treatments can cause complications such as:

  • Scars
  • Pain
  • Discomfort

Despite undergoing treatment, there are several factors that cause the wound to heal slowly, such as the food consumed, the type of treatment, or the patient's medical history. This condition can cause a number of complications such as:

  • Secondary infection
  • Cellulitis
  • Osteomyelitis
  • maggot growth
  • Abscess
  • Sepsis
  • Spread of infection to other organs
  • Fistula

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