Information Regarding the First Treatment of Minor Muscle Injury

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Information Regarding the First Treatment of Minor Muscle Injury
Information Regarding the First Treatment of Minor Muscle Injury

The first treatment for minor muscle injuries is the initial action for overstretched, strained, or sprained muscles. This therapy needs to be done immediately to prevent the worsening of muscle injury

Muscle injuries usually occur as a result of improper movement. These injuries are common to the waist, neck, shoulders, back of the thighs, and calves.

Information About First Management of Minor Muscle Injury - Alodokter

The first treatment for muscle injuries can actually be done on mild to severe muscle injuries. However, this article limits the discussion to minor muscle injuries.

Indications for First Handling Mild Muscle Injury

The first treatment for minor muscle injuries aims to prevent worsening and expansion of the injury, relieve pain, and speed up recovery. This action can be done by a doctor or medical personnel, and can be given at home.

This treatment is intended for muscle injuries caused by the following:

  • Exercise without preheating
  • Fall or hit
  • Traffic accidents or accidents at work
  • Physical activity is too strenuous
  • muscle movements performed repeatedly for a long time
  • Exhaustion
  • muscle movement that is too forced

Mild Muscle Injury First Handling Warning

It is important to remember, avoid massaging and applying balsam, alcohol, leaves, or certain herbal remedies, on injured muscles. This can actually worsen the condition of the muscle injury.

In addition, inform the doctor regarding the following:

  • History of allergy to painkillers
  • History of blood clotting disorders, as they can delay healing or worsen the condition

Before First Treatment Minor Muscle Injury

Before handling minor muscle injuries, there are several things that need to be done, namely:

  • Record or remember the process of the injury or the triggering activity.
  • Continue to take medication as recommended by your doctor if you have a history of diabetes or blood clotting disorders.
  • Rest the injured body part and don't move it too much.
  • Avoid compressing the injured body part with hot compresses for 48 hours after the injury.
  • Do not lift heavy objects.

First Handling Procedure for Minor Muscle Injury

Before treatment is carried out, the doctor will ask questions related to the process of injury and the symptoms of pain experienced. Next, the doctor will conduct an examination by looking at and feeling the area of ​​the injury.

The doctor will also move or gently press the injured muscle area to determine the degree of severity.

The treatment for minor muscle injuries is the rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE) method. Here is the explanation:

  • The doctor will advise you to rest and avoid activities that can worsen pain, swelling, or discomfort. Rest may be required up to several days.
  • The doctor will compress the injured area with ice wrapped in a towel or bag. Compression can be done for 15-20 minutes.
  • Depending on the location of the injury, the doctor will wrap the area with an elastic bandage (compression), to reduce swelling and reduce movement. If necessary, the doctor will place a splint on the bandage.
  • If the injury occurs in the leg or arm, the doctor will advise the patient to rest in a higher-than-chest (elevation) position, using a pillow as support.

Healing time depends on the part of the body and the type of muscle injured. Usually, with proper treatment, minor muscle injuries heal in 3–6 weeks.

After First Treatment Minor Muscle Injury

After providing treatment, the doctor will prescribe painkillers, such as paracetamol. Doctors can also refer the patient to the hospital, if a muscle injury requires further treatment or if it turns out to be a severe muscle injury. If needed, the doctor can also suggest physiotherapy.

In addition, you are advised to immediately consult a doctor if you experience the following:

  • Pain getting worse
  • Pain does not improve after 48 hours
  • Fever
  • Shiver
  • Tingling or numbness
  • Interference with urination or defecation

Complications of First Handling Mild Muscle Injury

The first treatment of minor muscle injuries usually rarely causes complications. However, the following are complications that can occur, namely:

  • The bandage is too tight, causing tingling and numbness
  • Frostbite wound due to an ice pack that is too long
  • Stiffness in the injured part

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