Symptoms of Typhoid Relapse, Recognize the Cause and Treatment

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Symptoms of Typhoid Relapse, Recognize the Cause and Treatment
Symptoms of Typhoid Relapse, Recognize the Cause and Treatment

Typhus sufferers generally feel better after taking antibiotics. However, some sufferers have a relapse after treatment is complete. When typhoid symptoms recur, you need further treatment

Typhoid or typhoid fever is a disease caused by infection with the bacterium Salmonella typhi. This disease is generally transmitted through food and drink that has been contaminated by these germs. In addition, typhoid fever is also more common in a less hygienic environment.

Symptoms of Typhoid Relapse, Recognize the Cause and Treatment - Alodokter

Causes of Typhoid Symptoms Relapse

The symptoms of typhoid generally include a fever that increases gradually and can reach 40 °C, headache, abdominal pain, weakness, diarrhea or constipation, loss of appetite and weight loss, muscle aches, or a red rash on the abdomen and chest.

Even though you feel healed, typhoid is a relapse disease whose symptoms can reappear. This is because the Salmonella bacteria are still in the body.

Generally, typhoid symptoms recur about a week after antibiotic treatment is complete. However, in some cases, typhoid symptoms can recur about 2 months after recovering.

However, relapses of symptoms are usually milder and last shorter than before.

Treatment when Typhoid Symptoms Relapse

The main treatment for typhoid is through the administration of antibiotics. Types of antibiotics that are generally given include:

  • Ciprofloxacin (Cipro)
  • Doctors often prescribe this type of antibiotic for adults who are not pregnant. Unfortunately, currently some types of Salmonella bacteria are resistant to ciprofloxacin.
  • Azithromycin (Zitromax)This drug is given to patients who cannot take ciprofloxacin or the bacteria are resistant to ciprofloxacin.

  • CeftriaxoneThis antibiotic is used for more serious cases of typhoid or for people who cannot take ciprofloxacin, such as children.

Generally symptoms will improve within 3-5 days after starting treatment. Even if the symptoms are getting better, antibiotics should still be taken according to the doctor's instructions to prevent the bacteria from becoming resistant in the future.

When the patient experiences symptoms of typhoid relapse, the doctor may recommend further antibiotic treatment. This also applies to those who still have Salmonella bacteria in their feces after going through laboratory tests, even though they are no longer experiencing symptoms.

People who still have Salmonella bacteria in the body are called carriers, because they can transmit typhoid to others through feces and urine.

The duration of this follow-up antibiotic can last up to 28 days to ensure that the germs are completely killed.

Avoid preparing food for others and caring for young children, until the lab results show you are Salmonella-free. Also, to prevent the spread of typhoid, be sure to always wash your hands with soap after using the toilet.

Types of typhoid can be prevented by getting typhoid vaccination, consuming he althy food and drinks that are hygienic, and getting used to washing hands.

If you previously suffered from typhoid and then you experience typhus symptoms relapse, check back with your doctor to get the right treatment or treatment.

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