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Symptoms of mild to severe typhus can occur within a few days. If not treated quickly and appropriately, this disease caused by infection with the Salmonella Typhi bacteria can lead to serious complications, even death
Salmonella typhi can infect the body if you eat food or drink that has been contaminated with these bacteria. From the digestive tract, the bacteria will spread to the bloodstream and infect other organs of the body, such as the liver, lungs, kidneys, and bones.
Stages of Typhoid Symptoms
The symptoms of typhoid or typhoid fever appear gradually. The first symptoms can appear about 8–14 days after the bacteria infects the body.
In the early stages of the disease, the symptoms of mild typhus are similar to those of other diseases, namely:
- stomach ache
- Not feeling well
Then, when the typhus symptoms become more severe, the symptoms can be:
- High fever up to 40°C that will last for 10–14 days
- stomach ache
- Constipation, but after 2 weeks it becomes diarrhea
- Rash on the abdomen or chest, appearing in the second week after the first symptoms appear
- Loss of appetite
- Body feels weak
In addition, other typhus symptoms can also appear, such as:
- Body aches
- Sore throat
- Muscle and joint pain
- dry cough
- bloody chapter
- Severe fatigue
- Difficulty paying attention
- Confusion and hallucinations
Mild typhus symptoms will improve within 3-5 days if treated. However, if not treated immediately, symptoms will worsen over several weeks and risk causing life-threatening complications.
Without treatment, it can take weeks or even months for the body to fully recover. In addition, typhoid symptoms can also reappear about 2 weeks after the fever is gone.
Mild typhus symptoms or typhoid symptoms in the early stages, can be treated at home with the following measures:
- Take antibiotics prescribed by a doctor for 7–14 days to kill the bacteria that cause typhoid
- Drink lots of water to restore body fluids lost due to diarrhea
However, if the symptoms of typhoid are severe, such as persistent vomiting, severe diarrhea, or swollen stomach, then you should go to the hospital for further treatment which includes:
- Consuming antibiotics
- Getting an IV
- Operation, if the intestine has a hole
The condition of most typhoid patients will improve within 3-5 days after treatment is carried out. However, it may take several weeks later until the patient is completely he althy enough.
Although it doesn't really interfere with activities, mild typhoid symptoms can turn into severe ones, causing bleeding and holes in the digestive system.
Therefore, it is recommended that you consult a doctor if you experience various mild typhoid symptoms as mentioned above in order to prevent complications and receive appropriate treatment.