Table of contents:
- Allergy medication is needed to treat various allergy symptoms. Allergy medications take various forms, from pills, inhalers, nasal sprays, eye drops, skin creams, syrups, to injections
- Allergy Drugs
2023 Author: Autumn Gilbert | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 07:39
Allergy medication is needed to treat various allergy symptoms. Allergy medications take various forms, from pills, inhalers, nasal sprays, eye drops, skin creams, syrups, to injections
Allergies are incurable conditions. Allergy medications available are intended to relieve or control allergy symptoms, such as a runny nose, sneezing, puffy eyes, or itchy skin and rash.
Several types of allergy medications that can be obtained with or without a doctor's prescription include:
Antihistamines are the main drugs to treat allergies. This drug works by blocking histamine, a chemical that causes an allergic reaction. This substance is released by the immune system when exposed to an allergy trigger (allergen).
Antihistamines can be used when allergy symptoms appear or to prevent an allergic reaction from occurring. This allergy medication is available in the form of tablets, capsules, creams, syrups, eye drops, or nasal sprays.
The use of antihistamines also depends on the location of the symptoms, for example:
- Pills for itchy and swollen skin in the mouth, eyes, or other parts of the body
- Nasal spray to relieve itchy, runny or stuffy nose
- Eye drops to relieve itchy, red, and swollen eyes
As an allergy medication, antihistamines have side effects, such as drowsiness, fatigue, dry mouth, blurred vision, difficulty urinating, and headaches.
Decongestants can be used as a short-term allergy treatment, aka they should not be used for more than a week. If more than that time, this allergy medicine can actually make allergy symptoms worse.
To treat allergies, decongestants are available in various forms, namely:
- Nose spray, to prevent and relieve nasal congestion, sneezing, and runny nose
- Inhalers, to relieve asthma
- Eye drops, to relieve itchy, red or watery eyes
- Pills or syrups taken by mouth, to treat severe symptoms caused by any type of allergic reaction
- Skin cream, to relieve allergic skin reactions such as itching, redness, or scaling
Decongestants can also cause some side effects, such as headache, feeling unwell, drowsiness, dry mouth, irritability, and irritation of the nose, mouth, throat, or skin.
Not only that, this allergy medicine is also not recommended for use by people with high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, glaucoma, or hyperthyroidism.
Corticosteroids can help reduce inflammation. This allergy medication is available in the form of nasal sprays, eye drops, creams, inhalers, or tablets, depending on the location of the allergy symptoms.
In order for corticosteroids to work optimally, this allergy medicine must be used every day, even if allergy symptoms do not appear. Just like other allergy medications, corticosteroids also have side effects, namely weight gain, fluid buildup in the body, and increased blood pressure.
4. Mast cell stabilizer
Mass cell stabilizers are used to treat mild to moderate inflammation. This allergy medication works by preventing the release of histamine from mast cells, which are cells that produce and store histamine.
Mass cell stabilizers are usually only used if antihistamines do not relieve allergy symptoms well. This allergy medication is available in the form of eye drops and nasal spray.
Irritation of the throat, cough, skin rash, blurred vision, or sore eyes, are some of the side effects of this allergy medicine.
5. Leukotriene inhibitor
Leukotriene inhibitors work by blocking the effects of leukotrienes, which are chemicals produced in the body in response to an allergic reaction. This allergy medicine must be used according to the doctor's prescription.
Leukotriene inhibitors are available in pill or chewable tablet form and are used to relieve nasal congestion, runny nose, and sneezing.
In some people, leukotriene inhibitors can cause headaches, skin rashes, coughs, nasal congestion, fever, heartburn, or stomach pain.
Immunotherapy can be an option for people with severe allergies or if allergy symptoms cannot be relieved with the various allergy medication options above. Immunotherapy is done by injecting small doses of allergen or putting allergen tablets under the tongue for years.
This procedure is done to get the body used to the allergen so it doesn't react too badly. Immunotherapy injections can only be given by a doctor, while tablet immunotherapy can usually be taken alone at home.
Some people can experience a severe allergic reaction that can be life-threatening (anaphylactic shock). To anticipate this emergency, available epinephrine, which is a special injection containing the drug adrenaline.
After this allergy medicine is injected in the thigh, it is advisable to seek medical help for further treatment.
Allergy drugs can really relieve allergic reactions well. However, the best way to control allergic reactions or symptoms is to avoid the triggers.
If you have an allergy to a certain substance, don't hesitate to consult a doctor. Doctors can recommend appropriate prevention and treatment steps, according to your condition.
Although it often occurs in adults, acute hepatitis can also affect children. Acute hepatitis can be fatal if not treated properly. Know the symptoms, causes, and how to treat acute hepatitis so you can be aware of this disease Acute hepatitis is inflammation of the liver (liver) that occurs for less than 6 months and is generally caused by viral hepatitis infection.
The main symptom of chronic bronchitis is a persistent cough with phlegm for months. Symptoms of this disease may improve or worsen, but never completely disappear or heal completely Chronic bronchitis is a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) which can cause a buildup of mucus in the respiratory tract, making it difficult for sufferers to breathe.
Food allergy medications, such as antihistamines or adrenaline, are needed when allergy symptoms appear. Apart from dealing with discomfort, this food allergy medication also aims to prevent severe symptoms or life-threatening reactions Food allergy is a condition in which the immune system reacts after eating certain foods.
Skin herpes or herpes zoster is a disease characterized by the appearance of a rash on the skin and pain. By ordinary people, skin herpes is often called shingles. Skin herpes can be treated with antiviral drugs and pain relievers to deal with the complaints that arise Skin herpes is caused by infection with the Varicella zoster virus, which is the virus that causes chickenpox.
Bee stings can cause different reactions in each sufferer. Therefore, proper handling and medication for bee stings are needed so that the symptoms that appear can subside In most cases, bee stings are harmless and can be treated independently at home.