Knowing the Types and Causes of Low Blood in Adolescents

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Knowing the Types and Causes of Low Blood in Adolescents
Knowing the Types and Causes of Low Blood in Adolescents

The cause of low blood pressure in teenagers can be caused by various things. This condition of course can interfere with the quality and productivity of adolescents. For this reason, it is important to recognize and know how to properly handle this condition

Know the Types and Causes of Low Blood in Adolescents - Alodokter

Both in adolescents and adults, low blood pressure or hypotension has the same meaning, namely a condition in which blood pressure drops below the normal limit, which is below 90/60.

Types of Low Blood Pressure in Adolescents and Their Causes

There are several types of low blood pressure in children and adolescents, namely:

nerve-mediated hypotension

This type of low blood pressure occurs when the sufferer stands for a long time. Besides being caused by standing too long, certain emotional conditions, such as shock or fear, can also cause this condition. However, usually this condition will lessen as they grow up.

Orthostatic hypotension

Orthostatic hypotension is an abnormal decrease in blood pressure that occurs when a person changes position suddenly, for example switching from sitting or lying down to a standing position suddenly. This causes a lack of oxygen to the brain, causing some symptoms such as dizziness and fainting.

severe hypotension

This type of decrease in blood pressure needs to be watched out for, because it can be life-threatening. This condition can occur suddenly, especially if the child has several he alth conditions, such as:

  • Infection
  • Anaphylactic allergic reaction or anaphylactic shock
  • Injury that causes sudden blood loss

This can prevent oxygen from entering the brain and other organs which can cause serious and even fatal problems.

Causes of Low Blood in Teenagers

The causes of decreased blood pressure in adolescents are in fact not much different from adults. Causes of decreased blood pressure in adolescents include:

1. Heart he alth problems

There are several heart problems that can cause low blood pressure in teens, such as a slow heart rate or bradycardia, heart valve problems, heart attack, or heart failure.

It is necessary to have an examination by a doctor to find out heart problems that cause low blood pressure in adolescents.

2. Disorders of the endocrine system

Some conditions caused by disorders of the endocrine system can also cause low blood pressure in teenagers. Some of these conditions include parathyroid disorders, Addison's disease, low blood sugar or hypoglycemia, and diabetes.

3. Dehydration

Lack of body fluids is also known to be one of the causes of low blood pressure in adolescents. Besides being able to cause low blood pressure, lack of fluids can also make the body weak, easily tired, and dizzy.

For that, it is important for you to make sure that they meet the body's fluid needs, especially during heavy activities, doing strenuous sports, or maybe when the body is having fever, diarrhea, and vomiting.

4. Blood loss

Some things can cause the body to lose large amounts of blood, for example accidents or bleeding during menstruation. This certainly needs to be watched out for because it can cause severe hypotension.

5. Infections and allergic reactions

Some severe infections are known to trigger a life-threatening drop in blood pressure. This occurs when the infectious agent enters the bloodstream and spreads to other parts of the body, otherwise known as sepsis.

Likewise with a severe allergic reaction or what is known as anaphylaxis. There are several things that can cause an allergic reaction, such as food, certain medications, snake venom, or poison.

Of course this can cause several symptoms, one of which is a drastic drop in blood pressure that can be life-threatening.

In addition to the things above, low blood pressure in adolescents may also be caused by pregnancy or lack of nutrition from the food consumed daily.

Treating Low Blood in Teenagers

Treatment of hypotension in adolescents can be done based on the type of hypotension experienced or the conditions that cause hypotension to occur. Of course, this should be discussed with a doctor first.

However, there are some tips that you can do to prevent hypotension or low blood pressure in teens, including:

  • Maintaining body fluid intake
  • Manage stress well
  • Avoid standing too long
  • Avoid sudden changes in position, such as from a sitting position to a standing position
  • Improved food patterns and choices

Don't hesitate to consult a doctor if you experience various symptoms of low blood pressure in teenagers, such as dizziness, fatigue, nausea, fainting, and blurred vision. As an initial treatment, the doctor may give some medicines according to the conditions experienced.

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