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Colds are one of the most common complaints in babies. However, giving baby cold medicine should not be arbitrary. Therefore, it is better if you understand first about baby cold medicine, either naturally or using medical medicine
Babies under the age of 2 are more likely to catch colds because their immune systems are not fully developed. What's more, a cold is one of the symptoms of an acute respiratory infection or ARI, such as influenza or COVID-19, which are usually easily transmitted.
The transmission of colds to babies can occur in various ways, from spreading germs through the air, direct contact with people with ARI, to touching items that have been contaminated with germs, such as bottles, pacifiers, or toys.
Medical Choice of Baby Cold Medicine
Certain medicines to relieve colds in babies are actually not always needed. Cold symptoms in babies usually go away on their own in 5–7 days.
However, if the symptoms of a cold experienced by your child are also accompanied by other symptoms, such as nasal congestion, fever up to 38°C, refusal to eat, fever, vomiting, or diarrhea, you can give your little one medicine to make it easier. comfortable.
Before giving medicine to your little one, it is recommended that you check your little one with the doctor first. The reason is, any medicine given to babies, including cold medicine, must be based on a doctor's prescription.
The following are some baby cold medicines that doctors usually recommend:
Doctors usually recommend paracetamol in liquid form to relieve fever and pain in babies. This type of medicine can be given to babies aged 2 months or older.
When giving cold medicine to babies, including paracetamol, make sure to read the label on the bottle and follow the recommended dosage.
In addition to paracetamol, ibuprofen is also safe to use as a cold medicine in babies. This drug is generally used for infants aged 6 months and over. If used under this age, it must be according to the doctor's advice.
However, ibuprofen should not be given to infants who are dehydrated or have persistent vomiting. Also, if your little one has asthma, check with the doctor before giving him ibuprofen.
antiviral or antibiotic drugs
If your baby has a cold due to a virus, such as influenza, and has a higher risk of developing complications from influenza, the doctor may prescribe antiviral medication.
If a cold is caused by a bacterial infection, antibiotics will be given to treat it. However, the use of antibiotics and antivirals must be based on the instructions and prescriptions from the doctor.
Those are various cold medicines for babies medically. Another thing to remember is not to give aspirin to a baby who has a cold. The reason is, giving aspirin to babies can cause a liver disorder called Reye's syndrome.
How to Relieve Baby Colds Naturally
In addition to medical drugs, there are several ways to relieve colds in babies naturally, namely:
1. Make sure the baby gets plenty of rest and eats nutritious food
When your baby has a cold, make sure he gets enough rest in his bed. To keep him lying down, you can read to your little one some books or play his favorite music and movies.
In addition, there are times when your little one may not have an appetite when they have a cold. Well, proper and nutritious feeding is important to prevent weight loss. Mothers can try to give nutritious foods or snacks that their little one likes slowly but often.
2. Give fluids to prevent dehydration in babies
Fulfillment of fluid intake is also one of the baby cold medicines that should not be missed. When the baby is adequately hydrated, his body will feel better and comfortable.
The best way to keep your baby hydrated is to keep feeding him breast milk or formula. Breast milk even contains antibodies that protect babies from disease-causing germs.
If your little one is over 6 months old, you can give him a warm and clear liquid, such as chicken soup, broth, or warm water, to soothe and relieve a stuffy nose.
3. Increase the humidity in the baby's room
The humidity of the air around the baby's room also needs to be considered to prevent the baby's nose from drying out. This condition can make colds worse. So that your little one stays comfortable and breathes freely during a cold, you should increase the humidity of the room air by placing a humidifier in your little one's bedroom.
In addition, Mother can also bathe the Little One with warm water and soak with him in a warm bath for a few minutes. This method can calm babies who tend to be more fussy when they have a cold.
4. Apply telon oil on the baby's body
When sleeping or after bathing your little one, you can also apply telon oil on your little one's body.
The various natural oils in it, such as eucalyptus oil, anise oil, and coconut oil, can relieve baby's breathing and make it more relaxed, comfortable, sleep well, and stay warm.
In addition, telon oil content can also moisturize baby's skin so it is safe and does not trigger irritation. Not only for the Little One, the distinctive aroma of Telon oil can also make Mother calm and improve mood.
If various choices of cold medicine for babies have been made but the symptoms of colds, coughs, and fevers do not improve or are getting worse, immediately take your little one to the doctor to get the right treatment and prevent complications due to colds, such as pneumonia or pneumonia. sinusitis.