Know how long viruses can last on surfaces and how to clean them

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Know how long viruses can last on surfaces and how to clean them
Know how long viruses can last on surfaces and how to clean them
Anonim

How to clean the virus on the surface of objects can not be done carelessly. This is because viruses are invisible microorganisms. Viruses can remain on the surface of objects even after cleaning

Virus is a type of microorganism that can infect the human body and cause various diseases, from coughs to colds, flu, smallpox, herpes, to COVID-19.

Know How Long Viruses Can Survive on Surfaces and How to Clean It - Alodokter

Based on the type, viruses can enter the human body in two main ways, namely directly and indirectly. Direct transmission can occur through close contact or direct contact with body fluids of someone infected with the virus.

Meanwhile, indirect transmission can occur through intermediary media, for example by eating food or touching the surface of objects that have been contaminated with the virus.

How Long Can Viruses Survive on Surfaces?

Viruses do not have a complete cell structure. Therefore, to reproduce and reproduce, viruses need a host that has a complete cell structure, such as human cells.

However, outside the host, for example on the surface of objects, some types of viruses can still survive even if only for a short time. Virus resistance on the surface of objects can also vary depending on the type of surface of the object, the temperature and humidity of the surrounding environment, and the type of virus itself.

For example, the Corona virus can survive on the surface of metal objects for 5–9 days, stainless steel for 2–3 days, wooden objects for 4 days, plastic for 2–8 days, ceramics for 2 days. 5 days, and for 1–5 days on glass objects, such as glasses and windows.

Even based on research, the Corona virus with the omicron variant can last the longest on plastic surfaces, which is around 193 hours. While the alpha variant only lasts for 191 hours and the delta for 114 hours.

Meanwhile, viruses that cause common colds can generally survive for 24 hours on the surface of objects. However, the duration of the resistance of the virus that causes colds and coughs will be longer when attached to the surface of objects made of plastic or stainless steel.

If you touch an object that has been contaminated with a virus, the risk of the virus entering the body will increase. The same risk can also lurk in your family members.

Therefore, as a way to prevent infectious diseases, including viral infections, you need to keep the surface of objects clean, especially the surfaces of objects that are frequently touched.

How to Clean Viruses on Surfaces?

The following are steps you can take to clean the surfaces of household furniture and items at home to maintain the he alth of yourself and your family members:

1. Prepare tools to clean the surface of objects

To clean the surface of objects, especially furniture in the house, you need to prepare some equipment, namely a cloth, water, soap or detergent, or a disinfectant spray.

In general, the surface of objects can indeed be cleaned using soap and water only. However, to completely eradicate the virus, you can also use an antiseptic liquid or disinfectant spray, especially on surfaces that are frequently touched

2. Use mask and gloves

Before cleaning the surface of objects, wash your hands with soap and water first. After that, use a mask and gloves made of rubber or plastic.

Using masks and gloves when cleaning the surface of objects is important to prevent the transfer of the virus to the hands and inhalation of the virus.

3. Clean the surface of objects properly

Use an ethanol-based disinfectant spray to clean all surfaces in your home.

When cleaning the surface of objects, prioritize the objects that are touched the most, such as doorknobs and light switches. The reason is, these two objects are often missed to be cleaned, so they are vulnerable to being a source of transmission of germs.

If necessary, wipe the surface of the object using a small amount of antiseptic liquid that has been mixed with water. You can use an antiseptic liquid containing the active ingredient chloroxylenol. This material is quite effective in eradicating various types of germs, including the virus that causes Corona.

To stay safe, make sure you read the instructions for using the disinfectant spray carefully before using it to clean surfaces.

4. Clean yourself after you finish cleaning the surface of the object

Do not immediately rest or be close to family members after you finish cleaning the surface of objects at home. Even though it feels tiring, you still need to immediately clean yourself by washing your hands properly, or better yet, take a shower immediately.

This is important to do to reduce the risk of exposure to viruses that may be left on the clothes you wear when cleaning the surface of objects.

In addition to cleaning the surface of objects in the house regularly, you and your family also need to practice other good habits, such as eating a balanced nutritious diet, exercising regularly, and getting enough sleep every day.

This is important to do in order to keep the body he althy, so that it is not susceptible to disease, including viral infections.

However, if you or your family members experience symptoms of illness due to viral infection, such as fever, cold cough, vomiting, and diarrhea, despite implementing the various efforts above, consult a doctor to get the appropriate treatment.

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