Knowing 3 Types of COVID-19 Antivirus Drugs

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Knowing 3 Types of COVID-19 Antivirus Drugs
Knowing 3 Types of COVID-19 Antivirus Drugs

For people infected with the Corona virus, the Ministry of He alth of the Republic of Indonesia provides free drug packages consisting of multivitamins to antivirals. There are at least 3 types of antiviral drugs that can be prescribed

Favipiravir, molnupiravir, and paxlovid are 3 types of antiviral drugs given to COVID-19 patients in Indonesia. The drug must be taken for 5 days after the first symptoms of COVID-19 appear for best effectiveness.

Get to know 3 types of COVID-19 antiviral drugs - Alodokter

Covid-19 medicine in Indonesia

The following is an explanation of the three types of COVID-19 antiviral drugs:


In Japan, favipiravir is used as an antiviral drug to treat influenza. This drug works by preventing the virus from replicating or multiplying.

Favipiravir can be given to adult COVID-19 patients with mild, moderate and severe symptoms. However, this drug should not be given to pregnant women or women who are planning a pregnancy because it can cause birth defects in the baby.

If necessary, you are advised to use contraception when using favipiravir to treat COVID-19. The duration of contraceptive use for men is 3 months and 7 days for women.

If it is given to breastfeeding mothers (busui), busui must stop breastfeeding because the substances contained in the drug are at risk of being transmitted through breast milk.


Molnupiravir is used to treat Corona virus infection and help prevent COVID-19 symptoms from getting worse. This drug works by stopping the growth and spread of the Corona virus that causes COVID-19.

Molnupiravir can be given to COVID-19 patients aged 18 years and over or belonging to high-risk groups, such as people with cancer, AIDS, liver disease, or autoimmune disease, undergoing chemotherapy in the past 12 months, or having had an organ transplant.

However, this COVID-19 drug is not recommended to be given to pregnant women, women who are undergoing a pregnancy program, and breastfeeding mothers. Molnupiravir can cause some side effects, such as dizziness, headache, diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting.


Paxlovid is a combination of the antiviral drugs nirmatrelvir and ritonavir. Nirmatrelvir can prevent Corona virus replication by blocking the activity of the SARS-CoV-2-3CL protease enzyme.

When the virus cannot reproduce, the severity of COVID-19 symptoms can be lowered. Not only that, the number of COVID-19 patients who are hospitalized and died can also be reduced.

Meanwhile, ritonavir is used to slow down the metabolism of nirmatrelvir. This is so that nirmatrelvir remains active in the body for a longer period of time so that it can fight the Corona virus.

Paxlovid can be given to COVID-19 patients with mild to moderate symptoms. This antiviral drug can also be given to children aged 12 years and over who weigh at least 40 kg.

Just like other antiviral drugs, Paxlovid also has side effects when taken, namely:

  • Liver disorders, such as loss of appetite, jaundice, dark urine, pale stools, itchy skin, stomach pain
  • Diarrhea
  • High blood pressure
  • Muscle pain

To break the chain of the spread of the Corona virus, it is recommended to always comply with he alth protocols and complete the COVID-19 vaccine dose when you get the schedule.

If you have any questions regarding the treatment of COVID-19, please consult your doctor directly to get an accurate answer through the ALODOKTER application.

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