Causes of DHF Platelet Decreasing and How to Overcome It

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Causes of DHF Platelet Decreasing and How to Overcome It
Causes of DHF Platelet Decreasing and How to Overcome It

When suffering from DHF, the body experiences a drastic decrease in platelets. This condition of decreased DHF platelets needs to be treated immediately because it can trigger serious complications, such as severe bleeding and dengue shock syndrome

Dengue hemorrhagic fever or DHF is caused by the dengue virus which is transmitted through the bite of the Aedes aegypti mosquito. This disease can cause symptoms such as high fever, muscle pain, headache, nausea, and vomiting.

Causes of Decreased DHF Platelets and How to Overcome Them - Alodokter

In addition, DHF sufferers will also experience other symptoms in the form of thrombocytopenia or a decrease in platelets in the blood. This can trigger bleeding, such as nosebleeds, bleeding gums, vomiting, or bloody bowel movements.

The Cause of Decreased Platelets for DHF

The decrease in the number of platelets during DHF is thought to occur because the platelets in the blood vessels are damaged or the production of platelets from the bone marrow is reduced due to dengue virus infection.

Normally, the number of platelets in the body is 150,000–450,000 cells per microliter of blood. Meanwhile, when experiencing DHF, the number of platelets will decrease, even less than 100,000 cells per microliter.

This decrease in platelets generally occurs on the 4th day after being infected with the dengue virus and will continue to decrease until the 6th day, then usually will increase slowly on the next day.

Platelet levels that are lower than the normal limit can increase the risk of bleeding. Therefore, DHF sufferers who experience thrombocytopenia need to have regular blood tests.

How to Overcome the Decrease in DHF Platelets

There is no specific method to treat thrombocytopenia and treat DHF. Treatment is generally done to relieve symptoms and prevent the viral infection from getting worse.

Even so, when suffering from DHF, you can still eat a variety of foods high in vitamins that can help the body to produce and maintain platelets in the blood. Well, here are some types of vitamins and their food sources:

Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 plays a role in maintaining the he alth of blood cells, including platelets. To benefit from these nutrients, you can consume beef liver, eggs, milk and cheese.

Folic Acid

In addition to vitamin B12, folate is also useful for maintaining he alth and the formation of blood cells and one of them is platelets. Sources of folate that you can consume are nuts, oranges, and green vegetables such as spinach.

Vitamin C

Not only can strengthen the body's immunity, vitamin C can also increase the number of platelets in the blood during DHF and help the blood clotting process. To meet the needs of this vitamin, you are advised to eat fruits such as oranges, kiwis, mangoes, and guavas.

In addition to decreased platelet levels, DHF sufferers are also prone to dehydration or lack of fluids, it can be due to bleeding or vomiting and diarrhea which reduces body fluids.

Therefore, DHF sufferers must also meet the needs of body fluids, either through infusion or drinking water. You are recommended to drink at least 8 glasses or the equivalent of 2 liters of water every day.

If you experience symptoms of DHF, especially accompanied by severe abdominal pain or bleeding that doesn't stop, immediately consult a doctor so that an examination of DHF platelets can be carried out and appropriate treatment given.

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