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Everyone must have experienced injuries, whether small wounds or big wounds, such as surgery scars. Good and safe wound care must be done so as not to cause infection
Wounds will definitely cause pain, but the severity varies, depending on the location, type, and severity of the wound. Deep or extensive wounds require wound care in a hospital or clinic. Meanwhile, minor injuries can be treated through self-care at home.
Types of Wounds
Although the basic principles are the same, the wound care steps may differ depending on the type of wound. The following are the types of wounds that are commonly encountered:
1. Torn or avulsion
Avulsion is the tearing of part or all of the skin and underlying tissue. These lacerations can occur due to gunshots, explosions, serious accidents, or fights. Blood that comes out due to this type of wound is usually fast and profuse, so it needs immediate medical attention.
2. stab wound
Stab wounds are caused by sharp, long objects, such as knives, needles, or nails. Although generally not causing a lot of blood to come out, this type of wound can penetrate the skin to injure internal organs.
In addition, stab wounds can also cause tetanus. If you are pierced by a dirty object, such as a rusty nail, it is advisable to immediately consult a doctor.The doctor will treat the wound to prevent infection, and give a tetanus vaccination if needed.
3. Torn or laceration
Tear wounds can be in the form of minor scratches, they can also be deep wounds with irregular shapes. These injuries are often found in accidents while driving or working, for example due to machinery.
Emergency treatment of this wound depends on the severity of the bleeding and the part of the body affected. If the wound is deep, the bleeding can be difficult to stop.
4. Cuts or incisions
Cuts can be caused by flat and sharp objects, such as razors, broken glass, knives, or even paper. In addition, cuts can also be caused by surgical procedures. As with lacerations, the urgency of treating this wound depends on the bleeding condition and the location of the wound.
5. Scratches or abrasions
Abrasion occurs when the skin rubs against or rubs against a rough or hard surface, such as asph alt or cement roads. Although it doesn't cause much bleeding, this type of wound needs to be cleaned properly to avoid infection.
How to Treat Wounds Correctly
Minor cuts and abrasions usually don't require medical attention. the skin will heal as usual with the following wound care steps:
1. Wash hands
Before performing wound care, wash your hands first with running water and soap to avoid infection.
2. Pressing the wound
Bleeding from scratches and minor cuts will usually stop on its own. If not, apply gentle pressure to the wound with a clean cloth. Position the injured body part higher.
3. Cleaning the wound
Rinse the wound with clean running water. Around the wound can be cleaned with soap, but not on the wound, to avoid irritation.
If there are dirt or objects stuck in the wound after cleaning, use sterile tweezers (which have been cleaned with alcohol) to remove it.
If there is still an object stuck in it, go to the doctor so that the wound can be thoroughly cleaned to reduce the risk of infection and tetanus.
There is no need to use hydrogen peroxide, red medicine, or antiseptic solutions that contain iodine, because they can irritate the wound.
4. Applying an antibiotic cream or ointment
Apply an antibiotic cream or ointment to help keep the surface of the skin moisturised. This medicine does not make the wound heal quickly, but it can prevent infection so that the wound healing process can run well. However, if a rash appears on the skin, immediately stop using the ointment.
5. Closing the wound
Wound bandage serves to keep the wound clean and free from bacteria. However, if the wound or scratch is relatively small, then there is no need to bandage it. Don't forget to change the bandage at least once a day or whenever it gets wet or dirty.
If the wound is deep, gaping, and visible fat or muscle, immediately go to the hospital or clinic for stitches. In deep or dirty wounds, a tetanus shot may be needed in wound care. Likewise if you have not had a tetanus shot in the last five years.
You should see a doctor if the wound does not heal, becomes red, swollen, feels more painful, or there is pus coming out.