Food Allergy Medication Choices You Need to Know

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Food Allergy Medication Choices You Need to Know
Food Allergy Medication Choices You Need to Know

Food allergy medications, such as antihistamines or adrenaline, are needed when allergy symptoms appear. Apart from dealing with discomfort, this food allergy medication also aims to prevent severe symptoms or life-threatening reactions

Food allergy is a condition in which the immune system reacts after eating certain foods. This allergic reaction can vary from person to person, ranging from indigestion, itching or swelling of the airways, to even life-threatening anaphylaxis.

Food Allergy Medication Options You Need to Know - Alodokter

Allergies generally affect infants and children under the age of 5, but can occur at any age. In fact, a person can suffer from food allergies, whereas years before they could eat these foods without problems.

To prevent this, you need to know what foods can trigger allergies and stay away from them, and have a supply of food allergy medicines, both over-the-counter and prescribed by a doctor.

Food Allergy Triggers

Any food can be the cause of this allergy. However, there are several types of food that are the most common triggers of food allergic reactions, namely:

  • Cow's milk and its processed products
  • Fish
  • Nuts from trees, such as almonds, cashews and walnuts
  • Egg
  • Peanuts
  • Scallop
  • Wheat
  • soybean

If you have a food allergy, be sure to avoid a variety of food triggers and check the ingredients of each food.

Food Allergy Medications You Need to Know

There are two types of food allergy medications to reduce the symptoms of an allergic reaction, namely antihistamines and adrenaline. Here is the explanation:


For mild to severe allergic reactions, such as itching or nasal congestion, the food allergy medication used is an antihistamine. Antihistamines work by blocking the effects of histamine that trigger allergic reactions.

There are many antihistamines that can be used to treat food allergies, such as cetirizine, diphenhydramine, alimemazine, loratadine, and promethazine. If your child suffers from food allergies, consult a doctor first to find out which antihistamine is suitable for his he alth condition.

After taking antihistamines, avoid drinking alcoholic beverages as they can cause drowsiness, especially if you still have to drive or work. This food allergy medicine can also cause dry mouth, nose, and throat.

Adrenaline (epinephrine)

Adrenaline food allergy medication is used to treat severe allergic reactions or anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis can occur within seconds or minutes of exposure to the allergen, and can worsen rapidly.

In an emergency, this food allergy medication is given by injection according to a doctor's prescription. When injected, adrenaline will relieve anaphylaxis by reducing swelling in the throat, opening the airway, and maintaining heart function and blood pressure.

If you have a food allergy that poses a high risk of anaphylaxis, be sure to consult a doctor for an automatic epinephrine injection and learn how to use it as well.

You are advised to get two injection doses of epinephrine. This is because severe allergic reactions can occur repeatedly and are unpredictable. Also, be sure to check the expiration date of your automatic epinephrine injection regularly.

What to Pay Attention to When You Have a Food Allergy

In addition to taking food allergy medication according to the allergic condition, it is important to know the right prevention steps as well as what to do when allergies recur.

Here's how to prevent food allergic reactions from occurring:

  • Pay attention to packaging labels or ask the seller about what ingredients are contained in the food you are going to consume
  • Make sure the people around you know about your allergic condition, so they will be ready to help in case of an emergency
  • Prepare your own lunch while traveling, so you won't be tempted to buy food outside, which can prevent possible exposure to allergens
  • Consult your pediatrician first before introducing your child to the eight food allergens mentioned earlier

When your body reacts to the food you eat, stop eating. Don't try to determine if the food is allergic to you by eating more of it.

If you feel allergy symptoms after eating certain foods, immediately see a doctor for an examination and get food allergy medication. However, if a food allergy is accompanied by difficulty breathing, a severe drop in blood pressure, and a rapid pulse, visit the nearest ER.

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