Beware of Skin Diseases Due to Cosmetics and How to Prevent Them

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Beware of Skin Diseases Due to Cosmetics and How to Prevent Them
Beware of Skin Diseases Due to Cosmetics and How to Prevent Them

Cosmetics and beauty products should make facial and body skin look he althier and more attractive. However, if the product used contains harmful ingredients or is not suitable for skin type, it can cause skin diseases due to cosmetics

Cosmetic products are not only make up, but also shampoo, soap, deodorant, sunscreen, hair dye, nail polish, cream, and facial serum.

Beware of Skin Diseases Due to Cosmetics and How to Prevent Them - Alodokter

Contains such as alcohol, fragrances, preservatives, and dyes in cosmetics, can cause problems or diseases on the skin. Symptoms can occur immediately after use, days, or months after applying cosmetics.

Various Skin Diseases Due to Cosmetics

Skin diseases can occur when the skin is exposed to preservatives and fragrances in cosmetics, such as parabens, formaldehyde, formalin, imadazolidinyl urea, isothiazolinone, methylisothiazolinone, and quaternium-15.

Skin disease can also be triggered by metal content, such as mercury, chromium, aluminum, nickel, and cadmium. In addition, some people also experience reactions with salicylic acid, sodium laureth sulfate (SLS), and alcohol, which are quite common in cosmetics.

Here are some skin diseases that can be caused by using cosmetics:

1. Contact dermatitis

Cosmetics and personal care products that come into direct contact with the skin can cause contact dermatitis. Contact dermatitis itself is divided into two types, namely:

Irritant contact dermatitis

This condition occurs when cosmetic ingredients irritate your skin. Skin irritation can occur within minutes, days, or weeks after applying cosmetics.

The skin becomes red, stings, stings, itches, blisters, or even discharges when scratched.

Allergic contact dermatitis

Allergies to the skin occur due to the immune system's reaction to ingredients in cosmetics. Symptoms include itching, redness, and swelling of your neck, face, ears, eyes, and lips.

The reaction usually appears about 12-48 hours after the skin is exposed to cosmetics.

The labels 'non-irritating', 'hypoallergenic', and 'passed sensitivity tests' do not guarantee that the product is completely safe and will not cause allergies or skin irritation. This is because everyone's allergy triggers are different.

Allergic reactions or irritation are sometimes difficult to distinguish. There are times when one can experience a combination of both.

2. Urticaria

Urticaria or hives are characterized by the appearance of a rash, sore skin, tingling, and itching. These symptoms usually appear a few minutes to about 1 hour after the skin is exposed to cosmetics, and can improve on their own within 24 hours.

3. Anaphylaxis

Anaphylaxis or anaphylactic shock is a severe allergic reaction that is rare but can be fatal. This disease is characterized by difficulty breathing, dizziness, nausea, and vomiting, as well as swelling of the face, tongue and lips.

How to Prevent Skin Diseases Due to Cosmetics

Most of the skin diseases caused by the use of cosmetics generally subside on their own after the use of cosmetics is stopped. However, to avoid serious side effects, it is better to take precautions in the following ways:

  • Choose the product with the fewest chemical ingredients, to prevent allergic reactions.
  • Choose fragrance and alcohol-free products.
  • Use products that are water-based and non-comedogenic (don't clog pores).
  • To reduce the risk when using perfume, spray perfume on clothes and not directly on the skin.
  • Before using cosmetics, do a test by applying a small amount of the product to the skin. Wait 2-3 days, and watch the reaction on the skin. Do not use this product if you notice redness, itching, burning, or swelling of the skin.

If skin diseases appear after using cosmetics, these symptoms can be relieved with over-the-counter hydrocortisone creams. But avoid using it on your face without consulting your doctor first.

In addition, stop using cosmetics and apply cold compresses and skin moisturizers to help relieve symptoms of skin disorders that appear.

If the symptoms of skin disease due to cosmetics do not improve, you should consult with your doctor further to get the right treatment.

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