Benefits of Vitamin K for Newborns

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Benefits of Vitamin K for Newborns
Benefits of Vitamin K for Newborns

Every newborn needs to get vitamin K by injection. The benefits of vitamin K are to help the blood clotting process and prevent bleeding that can occur in babies

Newborn babies have very little amount of vitamin K in their body. Though vitamin K is needed in the process of blood clotting. That is why babies who are deficient in vitamin K are prone to bleeding. If not prevented, this condition can harm the baby.

Benefits of Vitamin K for Newborns - Alodokter

One of the causes of low levels of vitamin K in a newborn's body is the undeveloped good bacteria that produce vitamin K in the baby's intestines. In addition, this condition also occurs due to the intake of vitamin K that is not absorbed properly by the placenta when the baby is in the womb.

A deficiency of vitamin K in the body can trigger the appearance of extensive bruising just because of a minor injury. Not only that, a lack of vitamin K can also cause small wounds to continue to bleed.

To meet the needs of vitamin K, newborns are usually given vitamin K injections. After they get older, vitamin K can be obtained from bacteria in the intestines and foods consumed daily, such as spinach, broccoli, soybeans, meat, eggs, liver and fish.

Benefits of Vitamin K in Newborns

The benefits of vitamin K for newborns are to prevent bleeding in various organs of the body, such as the brain, stomach, and intestines. Bleeding due to vitamin K deficiency is called vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB).

The baby's risk of developing VKDB will be higher if he has certain medical conditions, such as biliary atresia, hepatitis, chronic diarrhea, and trypsin enzyme deficiency. This risk does not only occur in the first days since the baby's birth, but until the baby can consume solid food or when he is 6 months old.

If bleeding occurs in the brain, then the baby is at risk of permanent brain damage. In addition to the brain, the baby can also experience bleeding in other body parts, such as the gastrointestinal tract, nose (nosebleeds), to the umbilical cord.

Babies who bleed heavily often need blood transfusions or even have surgery.

How to Meet the Needs of Vitamin K in Newborns

Bleeding due to vitamin K deficiency can be prevented easily. The trick is to give a vitamin K injection to the baby's thigh muscle immediately after he is born.

Sometimes the injection of vitamin K can be delayed up to 6 hours after the baby is born so that the mother can initiate early breastfeeding first. After injection, most of the vitamin K is stored in the liver and used in the process of blood clotting.

Giving vitamin K can be done in other ways, namely dripping vitamin K supplements in the form of drops. However, its absorption is less good when compared to vitamin K given by injection.

Therefore, by far the most common administration of vitamin K to newborns is by injection.

In addition to injections, the intake of vitamin K in newborns can also be obtained from breast milk. Busui can provide exclusive breastfeeding to meet the baby's vitamin K needs, even though the amount of vitamin K contained in breast milk is only small.

Just like adults, babies may experience pain at the injection site. To relieve the pain your baby feels when having an injection, ask the doctor or midwife to give the injection while the baby is breastfeeding.

Vitamin K is proven safe and important for newborns. If you have questions about the administration and benefits of vitamin K, consult your doctor again for further explanation.

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