Tips so that over-the-counter drugs without a doctor's prescription don't become dangerous

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Tips so that over-the-counter drugs without a doctor's prescription don't become dangerous
Tips so that over-the-counter drugs without a doctor's prescription don't become dangerous
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Off the drug are drugs that can be purchased without a doctor's prescription. These drugs are generally used to relieve certain symptoms. However, the consumption of over-the-counter drugs can be dangerous if misused or consumed not according to the instructions for use

Not carelessly, all medicinal products with or without a doctor's prescription circulating in the market should have been officially registered with BPOM (Food and Drug Supervisory Agency) with a distribution permit. Drugs that are suitable for use have gone through the stages of evaluation and clinical trials by BPOM.

Tips so that over-the-counter medicines without a doctor's prescription don't become dangerous - Alodokter

Types of Medicines Without a Doctor's Prescription

Drugs without a doctor's prescription consist of over-the-counter drugs and limited over-the-counter drugs. Both are types of drug categories that are sold over the counter and can be obtained directly without a doctor's prescription.

Other medicines without a doctor's prescription

OTC drugs have a special mark on the packaging, which is a green circle and a black border. This drug is sold freely in all outlets, including food stalls to supermarkets.

Limited over-the-counter drugs without a doctor's prescription

Limited over-the-counter drugs are usually sold in pharmacies and licensed drugstores. This medicine has a blue circle symbol with a black border, and is accompanied by a warning written on the drug use instructions on the package.

The warning sign is a black rectangle with white writing. There are at least 6 types of warning signs on limited over-the-counter drugs without a doctor's prescription, namely:

  • No. 1 Watch out! Potent drug. Read the Rules of Use
  • No. 2 Watch out! Potent drug. Just for Gargle Don't Swallow
  • No. 3 Watch out! Potent drug. For Outside Body Only
  • No. 4 Watch out! Potent drug. Only for Burning
  • No. 5 Watch out! Potent drug. Cannot Be Swallowed
  • No.6 Watch out! Potent drug. Hemorrhoid Medicine, Don't Swallow

Purpose and Benefits of Using Over-the-counter Medicines without a Doctor's Prescription

Generally, over-the-counter drugs and limited over-the-counter drugs are used only to treat mild symptoms that do not require consulting a doctor, such as to reduce fever or reduce pain and itching.

However, this drug without a doctor's prescription does not treat the main disease that causes these complaints.

Compared to prescription drugs, over-the-counter drugs tend to be less effective at treating symptoms, so sometimes it takes longer to get the desired effect. Most over-the-counter drugs also have different effectiveness and dosage preparations from prescription drugs.

Risks of taking over-the-counter drugs without consulting a doctor

In overcoming minor complaints, over-the-counter drugs without a doctor's prescription are quite safe to use. However, there are some risks of using over-the-counter drugs without consulting a doctor that you need to know, including:

1. Over-the-counter drugs do not match the disease

The use of over-the-counter drugs without a doctor's prescription to relieve symptoms does not necessarily make the patient fully recover from the illness. Without a complete medical examination from a doctor, the use of over-the-counter drugs may not match the diagnosis of the disease.

2. The risk of side effects of over-the-counter drugs without a doctor's prescription

There is a possibility that patients may experience side effects and complications due to inappropriate use of over-the-counter medicines without a doctor's prescription, or due to certain medical conditions that the patient has.

Side effects can occur, especially if over-the-counter drugs without a doctor's prescription are consumed beyond the recommended time limit and dosage.

3. Drug interactions occur

The possibility of drug interactions that can make over-the-counter drugs less effective, or even cause adverse effects on the body, can also occur.

This interaction occurs when over-the-counter drugs without a doctor's prescription are taken together with certain prescription drugs, supplements, or herbal products.

4. Incorrect dosage

Incorrect dosage and too often or too long using over-the-counter medicines without a doctor's prescription can have a bad impact on he alth.

5. Not safe for pregnant and lactating women

The use of over-the-counter drugs without a doctor's prescription for pregnant women can harm the fetus in the womb. The use of drugs, both over-the-counter and prescription drugs, in pregnant and lactating women must be under the supervision of a doctor.

Therefore, be sure to read the instructions for use on the packaging of over-the-counter medicines before you start using.

In addition, you are advised to continue to consult a doctor if the complaints you experience do not improve with the use of over-the-counter drugs. This is done to determine the cause of the complaint, as well as the appropriate treatment according to medical indications.

Safe Ways to Take Medicines Without a Doctor's Prescription

Considering the various risks of using over-the-counter medicines without a doctor's prescription, it is advisable to pay close attention to how to take medicines without a doctor's prescription correctly in order to anticipate the possible adverse effects.

Some of the ways that can be done are:

  • Checking whether over-the-counter drugs that will be consumed can interact with certain drugs, supplements, drinks, or foods that are routinely consumed
  • Checking whether on the packaging there is a special warning or prohibition for people with certain diseases
  • Read and obey the instructions for using the drug
  • Avoid taking adult drugs for children and vice versa
  • Always ask your doctor or pharmacist if there is anything unclear regarding the dosage or instructions for using over-the-counter drugs
  • Pay attention to whether the medicine needs to be taken with food or on an empty stomach
  • Avoid taking the drug at the same time as alcoholic drinks or with hot drinks
  • Avoid taking the drug together with other drugs containing the same active ingredient to avoid the risk of overdose
  • Check and record if there is an allergic reaction after taking certain drugs
  • Checking the expiration date of the drug, if it has expired immediately throw it away

Although they can be purchased without a doctor's prescription, over-the-counter medicines can actually pose a risk if they are not consumed in accordance with proper medical indications.

Stop use and consult a doctor if symptoms do not go away, get worse, or allergies and other side effects that interfere with he alth occur after taking over-the-counter medicines without a doctor's prescription.

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