Different Types of Skin Ulcers and How to Treat Them

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Different Types of Skin Ulcers and How to Treat Them
Different Types of Skin Ulcers and How to Treat Them

If you have an open wound that looks deep and won't heal, it could be a skin ulcer. There are several types of skin ulcers based on the cause. Treatment for skin ulcers needs to be given according to the type of ulcer and the underlying cause

Skin ulcers or often also called ulcers are open wounds that are difficult to heal and often recur. Wounds experienced by people with skin ulcers are usually not caused by injury, but the impact of a certain he alth disorder or disease.

Different Types of Skin Ulcers and How to Treat Them - Alodokter

The appearance of ulcers on the skin is often also caused by disturbances in blood flow. This is because when blood flow is not smooth, the skin and surrounding tissues will get less oxygen and nutrients. As a result, skin tissue can be damaged and form ulcers.

Recognizing Symptoms of Skin Ulcers

In the early stages, the injured skin will turn reddish in color and feel warm to the touch. This condition is usually accompanied by an unbearable stinging sensation, pain, and itching. Over time, the wound will damage the skin and cause an open wound.

When it gets worse, the edges of the wound will look prominent and may ooze fluid in the form of blood or pus. When the skin ulcer is oozing pus, this is a sign that the wound is infected.

Know the Different Types of Skin Ulcers Based on the Cause

Based on the cause, skin ulcers are divided into several types, namely:

1. Decubitus ulcer

This type of ulcer is caused by pressure or friction that occurs continuously on one part of the body. This pressure causes blood flow in the skin's blood vessels to be disrupted, causing the skin to become damaged and cause injury.

This condition is usually experienced by people whose body movements are limited due to suffering from a condition, such as paralysis or stroke. In people with paralysis, decubitus ulcers on the skin often appear in the buttocks or back area because they are often in a wheelchair or lie down for too long.

2. Leg vein ulcer

Venous ulcers or venous ulcers are the most common types of ulcers. Someone who suffers from obesity, hypertension, blood clotting disorders, heart failure, and pregnant women, are more at risk of developing this type of ulcer.

The cause is a disorder of the veins in the legs which makes the blood flow from the feet and legs to the heart not smooth. Disorders of these blood vessels are also known as varicose veins.

Over time, the blood flow that is not smooth in the feet will cause skin damage, so that skin ulcers appear on the feet. Venous ulcers usually appear on the feet or lower legs, such as the heels and knees.

3. Ischemic ulcer

This type of ulcer is almost similar to leg vein ulcers. Arterial skin ulcers can also appear on the lower legs, such as the feet, heels, or toes. The difference is, the disturbance that occurs is not in the veins, but in the arteries.

A number of factors can increase a person's risk of developing arterial skin ulcers, including smoking habits or suffering from certain diseases, such as diabetes, high cholesterol, kidney failure, atherosclerosis, or peripheral artery disease.

4. Diabetic ulcer

This condition is a common complication experienced by diabetics. Diabetic ulcers, also known as neuropathic ulcers, are sores that occur due to nerve damage due to constriction of blood vessels or uncontrolled high blood sugar levels.

This condition makes blood flow in certain parts of the body not smooth, making it prone to ulcers.

How To Treat Skin Ulcers?

Treatment of skin ulcers will be adjusted according to the type of ulcer. For example, for ulcers caused by high blood sugar, the doctor will provide treatment to reduce blood sugar and keep it stable.

In addition to overcoming the cause, the doctor will also provide treatment for the ulcer, namely by:

Cleaning and treating wounds

In dealing with skin ulcers, the doctor will clean the wound and apply ointment to the ulcer.The ointment given can be in the form of an antibiotic ointment or a special gel for ulcers (hydrogel). Then the doctor will cover the wound with a bandage to keep the ulcer clean and prevent infection from germs.

After that, the doctor will give further instructions so that you can properly treat the wound at home.

Giving medicine

Giving drugs from doctors aims to relieve symptoms and support wound healing. If the skin ulcer is sore or painful, your doctor may prescribe a pain reliever. As for ulcers or wounds that show signs of infection, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics in the form of ointments or oral medications.

Perform operations

Surgery is generally required to treat very severe skin ulcers or severe infections. In such cases, the doctor can perform cleaning and removal of dead or infected tissue (debridement).

After that, if possible the doctor may perform a skin graft to close the large ulcer and stimulate the growth of new skin tissue in the wound.

The choice of surgical steps performed will be adjusted to the severity and comorbidities of each patient.

In order not to get worse or recur frequently, skin ulcers need to be treated and treated properly. Therefore, if you have ulcers or ulcers on the skin, consult a doctor for proper examination and treatment.

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