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The characteristics of dengue fever are often difficult to detect because they almost resemble the symptoms of other diseases, such as typhoid or COVID-19. In fact, dengue fever is at risk of causing serious complications if it doesn't get the right treatment
Dengue fever is a viral infectious disease that is transmitted through the bite of the Aedes aegypti mosquito. This disease is more common during the rainy season, because standing water is an ideal place for mosquitoes to breed.
When the virus that causes dengue has infected the body and causes disease, the characteristics of dengue fever are generally difficult to distinguish from the symptoms of other diseases, but there are some characteristics of dengue fever that you can recognize.
Characteristics of Dengue Fever
The symptoms and signs of dengue fever will usually appear about 4-7 days after being bitten by an Aedes aegypti mosquito. These symptoms or signs include:
1. High fever
The most common characteristics of dengue fever are sudden changes in temperature that can reach 40°C. The fever can last up to 2–7 days, but the body temperature usually drops on the 4th or 5th day, then rises again the next day.
As long as the fever subsides, it doesn't mean that dengue fever has completely healed, it's that the inflammatory process continues to occur in the body.
2. Rash on skin
In addition to high fever, red rashes on the skin can also appear on the face, neck, and chest. Generally, the rash appears after a fever and lasts for 1–5 days.
The rash on the skin of people with dengue fever will be reddish in color and form spots that are close together, so that the normal skin around it looks like white patches.
The other symptoms of dengue fever that appear are headaches, especially around the forehead to the back of the eyes. Headaches are usually so severe that they make it difficult for the sufferer to move.
4. Muscle pain
In addition to headaches, dengue fever sufferers also often feel pain in muscles, bones, and joints, causing discomfort. Complaints of this pain will usually appear together with a high fever.
5. Nausea and vomiting
Another characteristic of dengue fever is nausea or vomiting. This complaint often makes the sufferer unable to eat and drink, so they are prone to nutritional deficiencies, and even at risk for complications such as dehydration.
In more severe cases, dengue fever can also trigger bleeding, such as nosebleeds that don't stop, bleeding gums for no reason, and vomiting or bloody bowel movements.
In order to avoid complications of dengue fever, the characteristics of dengue fever cannot be underestimated. If you have a fever for 3 days and it doesn't get better despite treatment, immediately see a doctor so that further tests can be done.
Dengue Fever Treatment
When the above characteristics are confirmed as dengue fever, the doctor will determine the treatment based on the condition and severity of dengue fever.
Actually there is no specific drug to fight the virus that causes dengue fever. Treatment steps are generally taken to relieve symptoms and strengthen the body's resistance.
If the symptoms of dengue fever are not accompanied by persistent vomiting, shortness of breath, bleeding, or severe abdominal pain, the healing process for dengue fever can generally be done independently at home.
To speed up the recovery process, you can do the following:
- Meet the body's fluid needs by consuming water to prevent dehydration
- Sufficient nutritional needs with he althy and nutritious food
- Promote adequate rest and sleep
- Using insect repellent lotion to reduce the risk of further transmission
- Take paracetamol to relieve fever
However, avoid using aspirin in children, as it can make the situation worse or trigger Reye's syndrome
Although it can be handled independently at home, doctors recommend dengue fever sufferers to check their blood regularly at least once a day for 7 days. It aims to monitor conditions in the body.
If you experience the characteristics of dengue fever as above, then it doesn't get better in 3 days, immediately consult a doctor to get the right treatment and prevent complications.