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Bit taste in the mouth can be caused by various things, ranging from stomach acid disease, consumption of drugs, to pregnancy. Actually, this condition is not a serious problem. However, the bitter taste that appears often reduces appetite, which can affect nutritional intake
The human mouth has about 10,000 taste buds scattered on the tongue, roof of the mouth, and the esophagus that borders the throat. Each taste bud has sensory cell receptors to capture sweet, s alty, sour, bitter, savory (umami) tastes.
If the sense of taste is disturbed, a person may only be able to taste sweet, sour, bitter, or s alty as if touched by metal in all food or drinks consumed. This disorder is also known as dysgeusia, in contrast to ageusia, which causes the sufferer to be unable to feel anything. Even in worse conditions, the mouth can taste rancid or rotten.
A bitter taste in the mouth is a form of dysgeusia that is often experienced. This is usually temporary and will improve if treated according to the cause.
Causes of a Bitter Mouth
To overcome the bitter taste of the mouth, you need to know the factors that cause it. The following are some of the causes of a bitter taste in the mouth:
1. Consumption of drugs
A bitter taste in the mouth is usually felt by someone who is taking drugs, especially in elderly patients.
There are several drugs that can cause a bitter taste in the mouth, such as antibiotics, drugs for heart disease and blood pressure control, antifungal drugs, corticosteroids, chemotherapy drugs, mood stabilizers and antipsychotics, to certain supplements, such as tablets. iron.
Reports say that many pregnant women experience a bitter taste in the mouth or a metallic taste. This condition is thought to be caused by fluctuations in pregnancy hormones. Dysgeusia during pregnancy is usually temporary and will go away on its own or after delivery.
3. Stomach acid disease
The rise of food and stomach acid into the esophagus after eating can cause the mouth to taste bitter or sour. There are several factors that trigger the rise of stomach acid, ranging from smoking, consumption of alcoholic beverages, eating large portions, to obesity.
4. Dry mouth
Dry mouth or xerostomia can cause a bitter taste in the mouth due to decreased saliva production. This dry mouth condition can be influenced by various factors, such as the consumption of drugs, aging, autoimmune diseases, smoking, and Sjogren's syndrome.
When you are sick, the body will naturally release proteins that can reduce inflammation. The release of this protein is thought to affect the sense of taste causing the mouth to taste bitter.
In addition to the things above, a bitter taste in the mouth can also be caused by the effects of cancer chemotherapy, surgery on the ear, nose, or throat, vitamin deficiency, stress and anxiety disorders, menopause, burning mouth syndrome, and poor dental hygiene. bad.
How to Overcome a Bitter Mouth
There are several ways that you can do to overcome a bitter mouth, including:
- Consume more fluids and chew sugar-free gum to increase saliva production
- gargle with a solution of s alt and baking soda
- Avoid consumption of fatty and spicy foods that can increase stomach acid
- Quit smoking habit
- Brushing teeth regularly and gargling using mouthwash
- Adding sour taste, such as lemon, lime, or vinegar, to food and drink if the condition is experienced by pregnant women
However, if the bitter taste in your mouth doesn't work with the above methods, you should consult a doctor, especially if this disturbance in your taste buds makes it difficult for you to eat and affects the intake of nutrients into the body.
The doctor will check your medical history and any medications you are taking, before giving the appropriate treatment according to the cause of your complaint.