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The dangers of low blood pressure can generally be prevented with lifestyle changes, diet, and proper medication. This is important because low blood pressure left untreated can trigger a variety of symptoms that can lead to dangerous complications
Low blood pressure or hypotension is a condition when blood pressure is less than 90/60 mmHg, while normal blood pressure for adults is 120/80 mmHg. Low blood pressure generally causes symptoms such as dizziness, nausea and vomiting, feeling weak, blurred vision, and shortness of breath.
Hypotension can occur due to several factors, including age and heredity. However, low blood pressure can also occur in teenagers, even children. In addition, pregnancy, infection, dehydration, heart disease, bleeding, and the consumption of certain drugs can also cause hypotension.
If low blood pressure is left untreated or not properly controlled, this condition often causes dangerous complications for the sufferer.
Dangerous Low Blood Complications
Low blood that is properly treated rarely causes complications. However, if not treated properly, there are several dangers of low blood pressure that can occur as a result of complications, including:
1. Heart disease
Mild orthostatic hypotension usually lasts only a few minutes. If it happens too often, this condition can trigger heart problems, such as heart failure, heart rhythm disturbances, and even heart attacks.
Low blood pressure can reduce the heart's ability to pump blood. If treatment is not immediately carried out, this condition can trigger a decrease in the function of the heart organs and end up becoming heart disease.
In addition to triggering heart disease, low blood pressure has a high risk of causing stroke. This condition occurs when there is a lack of blood supply to the brain, so brain cells can be damaged and cause brain function to be disrupted.
Stroke can generally cause symptoms or signs, such as weakness on one side of the body, slurred speech, immobility on one side of the face, sudden loss of vision, loss of consciousness, and severe headaches.
3. Kidney failure
Low blood pressure conditions can cause a decrease in the flow of blood filtered by the kidneys. This can lead to kidney damage, so the kidneys cannot function properly.If this condition is not treated immediately, it will eventually lead to kidney failure.
Kidney failure may be asymptomatic at first, but this condition can eventually cause symptoms, such as swelling of the face and body, infrequent urination, shortness of breath, drowsiness, and decreased consciousness.
Low blood conditions can also trigger shock. Shock can occur if blood pressure drops drastically, so that the organs of the body do not function properly because they do not receive enough blood.
Shock due to low blood pressure can cause several symptoms, such as shortness of breath, fast but weak heart rate, cold sweat, pale or cyanosis, and fainting.
In addition to the various dangers caused by low blood pressure above, symptoms of hypotension such as headaches and loss of consciousness can increase the risk of falling, which can lead to injuries, such as fractures or concussions.
Although low blood pressure rarely causes complications, it can develop into a dangerous condition if it persists and is left untreated.
Therefore, you need to be aware of the symptoms and dangers of low blood pressure, especially if you experience some of the symptoms of the various complications that have been mentioned.
If you experience symptoms of low blood pressure as above, immediately consult a doctor so that the condition of hypotension can be treated according to the cause. The doctor will give intravenous fluids or drugs to increase blood pressure and prevent the danger of low blood pressure that can occur.