Beware of 5 Symptoms of DHF and Prevention Steps

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Beware of 5 Symptoms of DHF and Prevention Steps
Beware of 5 Symptoms of DHF and Prevention Steps

The symptoms of DHF or dengue hemorrhagic fever are often difficult to detect because they almost resemble the symptoms of other diseases, such as typhoid. In fact, this disease is at risk of life-threatening if it does not get proper treatment. Therefore, it is important to recognize the symptoms of DHF and the steps to prevent it

Dengue hemorrhagic fever is caused by infection with the dengue virus that enters the human body through the bite of the Aedes aegypti mosquito. This disease can attack anyone regardless of age, from children, teenagers, to adults.

Beware of 5 Symptoms of DHF and Preventive Steps - Alodokter

Dengue fever is more common during the rainy season because the weather is humid and there are lots of puddles. This puddle of water is an ideal place for mosquitoes to lay eggs and breed.

Various Symptoms of DHF

In general, dengue fever is divided into two types, namely dengue fever and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF). The difference between the two is that dengue hemorrhagic fever can trigger bleeding in the blood vessels, whereas dengue fever does not cause bleeding.

DHF symptoms generally appear 4-7 days after being bitten by an Aedes aegypti mosquito. After being infected with this virus, there are several symptoms of dengue fever that can appear, namely:

1. Sudden high fever

The most common symptom of dengue fever is a high fever with a body temperature of more than 40°C. This fever will last for 2-7 days. However, on the 4th or 5th day, the fever will usually subside, but the temperature may rise again the next day.

Fever that subsides is not a sign that the body has healed. The process of infection in the body is still continuing at this time.

2. Headache

In addition to having a fever, dengue hemorrhagic fever can also cause headaches, especially around the forehead. This condition can also cause pain at the back of the eye.

3. Rash around the body

Rashes around the face, neck, arms or legs will appear 2–5 days after the fever and begin to disappear after 5 days. This rash is in the form of reddish spots that are located close together, so that the surrounding normal skin looks like white patches.

4. Pain in muscles

Sufferers of dengue fever can also experience pain in the muscles, bones, and joints. In certain conditions, the pain is sometimes accompanied by other symptoms, such as chills and sweating.

5. Nausea and vomiting

When experiencing dengue fever, nausea and vomiting often occur on the 2nd to 7th day. This can reduce appetite, so that the body can weaken due to lack of food and nutrition intake.

In addition, the symptoms of dengue hemorrhagic fever can trigger serious complications in the form of dengue shock syndrome. If left untreated, this condition can be life threatening.

Therefore, you need to be alert and seek medical help as soon as possible if you experience other symptoms of DHF, such as:

  • Bleeding gums for no reason
  • Nosebleeds don't stop
  • severe stomach pain
  • Vomiting constantly
  • weak pulse
  • The amount of urine decreased
  • Shortness of breath

How to Prevent Dengue Disease

Dengue fever can actually be prevented in the following ways:

1. Applying 3M

3M is a government program to prevent dengue fever, such as regularly draining bathtubs, closing water reservoirs tightly, and recycling used goods that have the potential to become mosquito breeding grounds.

2. Using gauze or mosquito net

Closing the window holes with gauze is one way to prevent mosquitoes from entering the house. In addition, the use of mosquito nets on the bed can also protect you from mosquito bites while sleeping at night.

3. Using mosquito repellent

To prevent mosquito bites, you can use mosquito repellent in the form of lotions or sprays that are widely available in the market. Apart from that, you can also use natural mosquito repellents, such as citronella oil or eucalyptus oil.

4. Wearing closed clothes

During the rainy season or when there are many cases of dengue fever around you, you should wear long sleeves and long pants to avoid mosquito bites when you are outdoors.

In addition to the steps above, you also need to adopt a he althy lifestyle by eating nutritious foods and getting enough rest so that your immune system remains strong.

DHF disease should never be taken lightly. Therefore, if you experience the symptoms of DHF that have been mentioned above, don't hesitate to immediately go to the nearest doctor or hospital to get the right treatment.

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