Table of contents:
Infusion therapy is a method of treatment with needles or catheters that aims to deliver fluids or drugs through a blood vessel. This method is used for various conditions, such as cancer, dehydration, preparation before surgery, to difficulty swallowing
Infusion therapy is generally given to patients who experience lack of body fluids and electrolytes (dehydration) due to not being able to eat and drink, or inadequate nutritional intake. The therapy given will replace the lost body fluids and electrolytes.
In addition, infusion therapy is also usually used to facilitate the administration of injectable drugs that need to be inserted through a vein.
Medical Conditions Requiring Infusion Therapy
There are many types of intravenous fluids used in infusion therapy. However, in general, intravenous fluids contain water, electrolytes, and glucose.
This infusion is not only intended to provide nutrition, but also various types of drugs, such as antibiotics, antivirals, corticosteroids, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy. Infusion therapy also needs to be done before blood transfusion.
Before infusion therapy is performed, the nurse will conduct a series of checks first to ensure the type of drug, dose, time of administration, and the right way of administering infusion therapy.
There are some common conditions that require infusion therapy, including:
- Heart attack
- Patients with impaired organ function, such as kidney or liver failure
- Severe infection or sepsis
- severe malnutrition
- Autoimmune diseases
- Infections that do not improve with oral antibiotics
- Chron's Disease
- ulcerative colitis
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Anaphylactic shock
The dose and choice of fluids in infusion therapy is determined by the doctor, and usually the nurse will assist in the installation. Infusion therapy performed by a doctor or nurse in a clinic or hospital is generally safe. However, the possibility of side effects remains.
Some of the side effects that may occur due to infusion therapy are infection, allergic reactions, blood clots, air embolism, damage to blood vessels, and phlebitis.
In addition to side effects, infusion therapy can also cause reactions in some people. These infusion reactions include:
- Fever and chills
- Muscle pain
- Rash and blisters
- Shortness of breath
- Swelling of the feet, hands, tongue, or lips
To prevent infusion reactions, you must inform your doctor or nurse about all medications, supplements, and herbal medicines you are currently taking.
If after infusion therapy you experience various complaints as mentioned above, immediately consult a doctor for further treatment.