High PSA Levels Don't Always Mean Prostate Cancer

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High PSA Levels Don't Always Mean Prostate Cancer
High PSA Levels Don't Always Mean Prostate Cancer

High PSA levels are often associated with prostate cancer. In fact, men who have high PSA levels may experience other conditions that have absolutely nothing to do with cancer of the prostate gland

PSA (prostate specific antigen) or prostate specific antigen is a protein produced by the cells of the prostate gland. This protein has an important role as a diluent for semen so that sperm can move more easily to the egg.

High PSA Levels Don't Always Mean Prostate Cancer

Under normal circumstances, PSA can indeed enter the bloodstream, but only in relatively small amounts. However, certain conditions can make PSA levels in the blood rise high, one of which is prostate cancer.

Causes of High PSA Levels

High PSA levels can indeed be a sign of someone suffering from prostate cancer. However, there are several other conditions that can also cause high PSA levels, including:

1. Age

PSA levels in the blood can increase due to the growth of prostate tissue that occurs gradually with age. This is what causes the PSA levels of each person can be different according to their age.

In general, the normal PSA level for a 40-year-old man is 2.5 ng/ml (nanogram/milliliter) and a 60-year-old man is 4.5 ng/ml. Meanwhile, PSA levels of 6.5 ng/ml are still considered normal in the elderly over 70 years.

2. Ejaculation

Several studies have shown that PSA levels in the blood can increase after a man ejaculates. In fact, PSA levels can stay high for 1-3 days.

However, until now the reason why ejaculation can affect PSA levels is not known with certainty, so it still needs to be investigated further.

3. Benign prostatic hyperplasia

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a condition when the prostate gland is enlarged. This cause of high PSA levels is more common in men aged 50 years and over.

The severity of BPH symptoms can be different for each patient. However, people with BPH will generally experience some disturbances when urinating, ranging from difficult urination, weak or stuttering urine flow, to urination that feels incomplete.

4. Urinary tract infection

The position of the urinary tract in men is adjacent to the prostate gland. Therefore, when the urinary tract is infected, the prostate gland can also experience irritation and inflammation, so that PSA levels rise.

However, to know PSA levels with certainty, urinary tract infections must be treated first. Usually, urinary tract infections in men are caused by bacterial infections, so they can be treated with antibiotics by a doctor.

5. Prostatitis

The next cause of high PSA levels is prostatitis or inflammation of the prostate gland which can occur in men of all ages. However, this condition is more common in men under the age of 50.

If it is caused by a bacterial infection, prostatitis can be treated with antibiotics. However, other medical procedures, such as insertion of a catheter, can be performed on patients with prostatitis who have difficulty urinating.

6. Medical procedure

Medical procedures performed around the prostate gland, such as catheterization in the urinary tract, can cause injury or bruising to the prostate gland, resulting in increased PSA production.

In addition to the above conditions, excessive production of parathyroid hormone in the body can also cause PSA levels to increase.

How to Lower PSA Levels

High PSA levels can indeed be caused by various things other than prostate cancer. However, until now, the PSA level test is still one way to detect prostate cancer early.

Therefore, if you have a PSA test and the results show a high PSA level, you will be advised to have a PSA test again at a later date to determine whether the PSA level is rising gradually or not.

But before taking the next PSA test, there are several ways you can help lower PSA levels, including:

  • Eat more fruits and vegetables with antioxidants, especially the antioxidants lycopene, polyphenols, and flavonoids, such as tomatoes, pomegranates, and green vegetables.
  • Increase the intake of vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acids through the consumption of various types of food, such as fish and eggs.
  • Doing exercise regularly, at least 30 minutes every day or 150 minutes every week.
  • Avoid consumption of foods high in trans fats, such as fried foods and ready-to-eat foods.
  • Quit smoking and drinking alcohol.

Not only that, drinking green tea and soy milk regularly is also known to lower PSA levels and reduce the risk of prostate cancer.

In addition to applying the above methods of lowering PSA levels, you also need to see a doctor regularly to ensure the he alth of the prostate gland.Especially if you have several conditions that can increase your risk of prostate cancer, such as being over 50 years old, being obese, and having a family history of prostate cancer.

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