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Shock can be experienced by anyone, anywhere and anytime. For example, when installing electronic equipment, repairing light switches, or touching damaged wires. Electrocution occurs when any part of the body comes into direct contact with a power source
Low-voltage electric current, i.e. less than 500 volts, usually does not cause serious injury. However, currents higher than 500 volts have a high potential to injure you.
The effect of electrocution on the body is influenced by several factors, such as body size, the extent of body parts that are in contact with an electric current, the strength of the electric current, and the duration of the electrocution.
Electrocution is very dangerous, because it can cause the following conditions:
- Broken bones
- Heart attack
- Difficulty swallowing, seeing or hearing
- Respiratory disorders
- Muscle pain
- Heart rate disorder
- Cardiac arrest
Therefore, people who are electrocuted must get help immediately.
How to Help an Electrocution Victim
Before helping people who have been electrocuted, you must first understand the correct technique. The goal is that you don't get electrocuted. To protect yourself when helping an electrocuted victim, follow these steps:
1. Secure the area around the scene
Before helping an electrocuted victim, pay attention to the situation around you. Make sure you are not near a power source. If possible, immediately cut off electricity at the scene. Look for electrical panels or fuse boxes to turn off the electricity.
If the power source cannot be extinguished, keep a distance of at least 6 meters from the victim who is still being electrocuted to protect yourself from the source of electricity.
Avoid touching puddles of water or wet objects. Water is a good conductor of electricity, so it can electrocute you too. If there is a fire, put it out first using a fire extinguisher.
2. Contact ER
The next step is to immediately contact the Emergency Room (IGD) of the nearest hospital or call an ambulance so that the victim can get medical help as soon as possible. While waiting for help to arrive, don't leave the electrocuted victim alone.
3. Don't touch the victim
If the victim is still in contact with a power source, do not touch it so you don't get electrocuted. Do not touch the victim even if you are using a tool such as rubber or wood, if you are not sure if the electricity has been cut off, and if you feel an electric shock or tingling sensation in your legs and lower body.
4. Don't move the victim
Do not move an electrocuted victim, unless he or she is in danger of being electrocuted again or in an unsafe area.
5. Examine the victim's body
If everything is safe, examine the body of the electrocuted victim carefully and sequentially starting from the head, neck, to the feet. If there is a wound, avoid touching it.
If the victim shows signs of shock (weakness, vomiting, fainting, rapid breathing, or is very pale), raise her leg slightly higher, unless she is in pain. When the medical staff arrives, explain the condition of the victim, including if there are any injuries on his body.
6. Close the burn
If the victim has a burn, remove any clothing or objects that stick to the skin so that the burn does not spread. After that, rinse the burned area with cold running water until the pain subsides.
Cover the wound with a sterile bandage or gauze. Do not use blankets or towels, as they can stick to the burn.
7. Perform CPR
Perform artificial respiration and cardiac resuscitation (CPR/CPR) on electrocuted victims, if needed. Assistive breaths and resuscitation are given if the victim is not breathing and the pulse is not palpable.
Make sure you understand how to perform resuscitation, to avoid mistakes that can actually endanger the victim's life.
Victims of electrocution can suffer injury and organ damage. Therefore, victims must receive close treatment and monitoring from doctors and the medical team.
The doctor will determine whether the victim is conscious and breathing or not, as well as whether his heart rate is abnormal or not. In addition, further examinations need to be carried out to detect if there are hidden injuries.
You can help the electrocuted victim, but first make sure you are safe so you don't get electrocuted.