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For new parents, the arrival of a baby brings not only happiness but perhaps also anxiety. Many couples who have just had children feel confused about caring for a newborn
In addition to preparing all the equipment to welcome the arrival of your little one, you and your partner must also equip yourself with skills in caring for newborns. These knowledge and skills will make it easier for you to carry out your role as a new parent.
Some Newborn Related Things
Newborns are still vulnerable, so they need to be treated with care. For this reason, there are several important things that must be considered when caring for a newborn, including:
1. Keep baby clean and safe
Make sure you wash your hands before handling or holding the baby. The immune system of newborns is still weak, so they are vulnerable to germs and viruses that may stick when your hands are not clean.
Be careful when holding a newborn, especially the way you hold the baby's head and neck. Never shake the baby while waking or soothing him, as this can cause bleeding in the brain.
Be careful when playing with your little one. Don't play dangerous games, such as throw and catch with a hard toy, throw it in the air, or rock it on your knees.
2. Bathing the baby
Don't bathe your little one before the umbilical cord dislodges and the navel area dries. Just wipe with a washcloth moistened with warm water. After the umbilical cord is removed, bathe the baby with unscented shampoo and soap, or one specially formulated for newborns.
If you don't dare to bathe your little one in the tub, ask someone else to hold your little one while you wash him with water.
3. Changing diapers
One of the newborn care that is considered quite inconvenient is changing diapers. Newborns may need to change diapers up to 6–10 times a day, depending on what the baby is getting.
In general, babies who are fed formula milk from birth will urinate and defecate more often than babies who are breastfed.
Babies have their first bowel movements after a day or two of birth. Good newborn poop is in the form of black meconium. Meconium is made up of mucus, amniotic fluid, and everything that a baby swallows while in the womb.
In general, babies need to be breastfed 8–15 times a day. This is because the baby's stomach capacity is still very small.
Breastfeed your little one as often as possible without having to wait for him to cry or scream first. When crying, babies have more difficulty swallowing milk because their tongue is not in the proper latch.
It may be difficult at first to breastfeed. But over time, you and your baby will master this process more and more.
Important Advice for Parents
Caring for a newborn can be tiring. Not infrequently, many parents feel stressed, especially when they have their first child.
Often because of busy caring for a newborn, parents forget to take care of themselves. So that you can give the best in caring for your little one, of course you also need to pay attention to your own physical and emotional he alth.
The following things can be applied to manage the stress of caring for a newborn:
1. Maintain physical condition
In the first few weeks after birth, you may find yourself not getting enough sleep. To work around this, sleep at the same time as your little one's bedtime. If your little one wakes up because he wants to feed, try to breastfeed while lying on his side, so you can still rest.
If your little one is fussy, ask your partner to take turns taking care of and calming him down at night. So that the body stays in shape despite lack of sleep, consume he althy foods, get enough fluids, do light exercise, and avoid caffeine.
2. No need to be afraid
Seeing the tiny and vulnerable newborn baby, may make you feel worried that you will not be able to take good care of him. You may also feel panicky, especially if your little one keeps crying.
But anxiety will be reduced if you and your partner equip yourself with knowledge and skills around baby care. Over time, you will become more flexible and understand how to handle your little one.
3. Postpone other work
Don't push yourself too much to do the usual activities before the birth of your little one. Homework, such as washing, mopping, and cleaning the house can be postponed, so that you are not too tired.
You can buy ready-to-eat side dishes or cook a menu that is easy to process but still nutritious.
4. Don't lock yourself up
Babies who are fussy while at home may be cheerful when invited out of the house to just take a walk to breathe fresh air. Having a baby doesn't mean limiting your relationship with your friends and family either.Once in a while, let them help with your babysitting. This help can save your energy.
5. Know when to ask for help
If you encounter a problem that stresses you out, don't hesitate to ask the experts for help. For example, if you are having trouble breastfeeding, talk to your doctor or a lactation counselor.
If the stress you feel is disturbing your daily life, there's nothing wrong with consulting a psychologist.
Currently there are many clinics and hospitals that provide classes for couples who want to learn how to care for a newborn. Apart from taking classes, you can also study online or read articles or books that discuss how to care for a newborn.
By equipping yourself, it is hoped that you and your partner can be better prepared and not surprised by the new task as parents. If you still have questions about caring for a newborn, don't hesitate to consult your pediatrician for the best advice.