Table of contents:
- Covid-19 Vaccine Options for Pregnant Women
- Things Pregnant Women Need to Pay Attention to Before and After COVID-19 Vaccination
Pregnant women can already receive the COVID-19 vaccine, you know. There are also various vaccines that are acceptable and safe for pregnant women. However, it is better for pregnant women to know first what things need to be considered before and after undergoing the COVID-19 vaccination
Currently, pregnant women have been categorized by the Indonesian government as priority targets for COVID-19 vaccination recipients. This is because pregnant women are one of the groups that are vulnerable to being infected with the Corona virus, especially if pregnant women have comorbid diseases.
Research so far says that pregnant women infected with the Corona virus have a high risk of experiencing severe COVID-19 symptoms, requiring intensive care in a hospital, experiencing premature birth, and even having a higher risk of dying from COVID-19.
Covid-19 Vaccine Options for Pregnant Women
Covid-19 vaccines that are already available in Indonesia and are allowed to be given to pregnant women are Sinovac, Moderna, and Pfizer vaccines.
The Sinovac vaccine is a vaccine that contains the Corona virus that has been weakened or killed (inactive virus). This type of vaccine is commonly used in pregnant women to vaccinate against other diseases, such as influenza, and is considered safe for pregnancy and the fetus.
mRNA-type vaccines, such as Moderna and Pfizer, are also declared safe to be given to pregnant women.Unlike Sinovac, the mRNA vaccine does not contain a virus, but a component of genetic material that will stimulate the immune system to produce spike proteins for the Corona virus.
This type of mRNA vaccine is said to be safer for the fetus, because it will not penetrate the placenta. However, the fetus still gets antibodies against the Corona virus which is formed by the pregnant mother's body, so she will also be protected from the Corona virus attack.
Well, in addition to pregnant women, these vaccines are also safe to be given to breastfeeding mothers, women who are undergoing a pregnancy program, or women who are just planning a pregnancy.
Things Pregnant Women Need to Pay Attention to Before and After COVID-19 Vaccination
The following are some of the requirements or criteria that pregnant women must meet when they want to undergo COVID-19 vaccination:
- The gestational age is more than 13 weeks, or between the 13th week to the 33rd week
- Already consulted and received doctor's approval to get the COVID-19 vaccine
- Is in good he alth
- No symptoms of preeclampsia
- Not on medication while receiving the COVID-19 vaccine
- If a pregnant woman has a comorbid disease, the disease must be controlled with medication
After vaccinating against COVID-19, pregnant women are advised to maintain their fluid intake or hydration by consuming sufficient mineral water, especially if they experience side effects of the COVID-19 vaccine, such as fever, headache, and fatigue.
Sufficient consumption of mineral water is beneficial for reducing the risk of pregnant women becoming dehydrated, which can then exacerbate the side effects of vaccines that appear.
For that, choose quality mineral water, such as those from natural and protected water sources, so that they are safe from harmful contaminants that pose a risk to the fetus.If the water source is protected, the mineral content will also be maintained. Also make sure that mineral water is processed hygienically and meets the he alth requirements recommended by the government, such as Permenkes or SNI for drinking water.
In addition, if you have a fever, pregnant women can also take painkillers that are safe for pregnant women, such as paracetamol. However, this drug is not recommended to be taken before vaccination in order to prevent side effects, yes.
If after a few days the side effects do not subside or feel worse, consult your doctor immediately.
Besides vaccinating against COVID-19, don't forget to keep implementing the COVID-19 he alth protocol, yes, pregnant women. The trick is to wear a mask when traveling or meeting other people, diligently washing hands with water and soap or hand sanitizer, avoiding crowds, and maintaining physical distance from other people.
If you still have questions regarding COVID-19 vaccination, pregnant women can consult with doctors using the chat feature with doctors in the ALODOKTER application.