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The characteristics of mental disorders in adolescents are often overlooked because they are considered a normal thing to happen at puberty. In fact, if not handled properly, this condition can have a negative impact on the emotional development, social life, and physical he alth of teenagers
Mental disorders can already be found in their teens. It is estimated that around 49.5% of adolescents aged 13–18 years have mental disorders, and 22.2% of them suffer from severe mental illness.
In adolescents, the common mental he alth problems experienced are PTSD, ADHD, generalized anxiety disorder, eating disorders, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and depression.
Mental he alth disorders in adolescents often lead to suicide. In fact, about 47% of suicide cases in Indonesia occur in adolescents and young adults. Therefore, it is important for parents to recognize the signs of mental disorders in adolescents.
Characteristics of Mental Disorders in Adolescents
Detecting the characteristics of mental disorders in adolescents is not easy. The number of new things that are encountered and learned can trigger a child at puberty to experience changes in behavior or mood.
However, these changes can no longer be considered normal if they interfere with daily life and are not appropriate for their age.
In each child, the characteristics of mental disorders that appear can vary, depending on age, type of disease experienced, and severity. However, in general, adolescents with mental disorders will show the following signs:
1. Can't control emotions
Teenagers who have mental disorders are usually unable to manage emotions or seem more sensitive. He can feel sad so deep and angry that explodes for no apparent reason. He also often feels that he is always wrong and worthless.
2. Unnatural behavior change
You need to be careful when your teenage daughter suddenly behaves unnaturally, such as rebellious, tantrums, arrogant, irritable, or returns like a child. This could be a sign that he has a mental breakdown.
Not only that, difficulty socializing, withdrawing from the environment, and losing interest in doing things that you like and usually do, such as going to school or playing with friends, can also be signs of a mental disorder suffered.
For teenagers who have anxiety disorders, they can feel excessive anxiety when around other people, fear rejection, and choose to avoid crowded places.
3. Decreased achievement in school
Because they are reluctant to be active, children who have mental disorders will experience problems in the learning process, so that their achievement in school can decrease. This condition can also make cognitive functions, such as the ability to think, remember, or solve problems to be weaker than usual.
4. Sleep and eating disorders
Maybe it's normal to see teenagers staying up late. However, if your child's sleep time changes to an extreme degree, such as having trouble sleeping, sleeping too much, or not being able to sleep at all, it could be that his psyche is disturbed. Children who have mental disorders will usually also complain of frequent nightmares or sleepwalking.
In addition to sleep problems, teenagers who suffer from mental disorders also often experience eating disorders, such as not having an appetite until they lose weight or overeating (stress eating) which makes them obese.
5. Doing bad habits
Teenagers who have psychological problems will usually vent their emotions by doing bad things. This could be excessive smoking, drinking alcoholic beverages, or taking illegal drugs.
Besides that, he also often hates or hurts himself, blames himself, even thinks about or may have tried to commit suicide.
6. Complaining about physical pain
Teenagers who have mental problems can not only be seen from their behavior changes, but also physical symptoms. Usually, children with mental problems will complain of headaches, stomachaches, backaches, or pain in the muscles. They also look weak and excited.
In addition to recognizing the characteristics of mental disorders, Mother and Father must also play a role in maintaining children's mental he alth, namely by fostering good relationships with them, increasing their self-confidence, teaching them how to manage stress, and getting them used to adopting patterns. he althy living.
If Mom or Dad sees any signs of mental disorders in your child, immediately take him to a psychologist or psychiatrist, OK. By getting the right treatment, children can still grow into happier and he althier adults.