Table of contents:
- The Importance of Maintaining Bone He alth During Pregnancy
- Tips for Maintaining Bone He alth During Pregnancy
In addition to ensuring that your little one develops well in the womb, pregnant women's bone he alth should also not go unnoticed. He althy and strong bones will make it easier for pregnant women to undergo pregnancy and of course prevent bone problems that can occur during pregnancy
In addition to the body undergoing many changes, pregnancy also requires some organs of the body to work extra. One of them is the bone that functions as a support for weight and posture.
Although reports related to bone problems in pregnant women are rare, bone he alth during pregnancy is still important for pregnant women to take care of. This is for the he alth of pregnant women as a whole and also the little one in the womb.
The Importance of Maintaining Bone He alth During Pregnancy
Do you know, pregnant women? Several studies have proven that pregnancy has a good effect on bone he alth and minimizes the risk of fractures.
This is because during pregnancy, the body will produce more estrogen. Well, this hormone can maintain bone density. Pregnancy also makes the body absorb calcium from food and supplements better than when not pregnant.
Even so, bone problems during pregnancy are not impossible, yes. Pressure due to bearing heavy weights, blockage of blood vessels, poor nutritional intake, and a history of diseases, such as hypothyroidism, can make the bones of pregnant women experience osteoporosis during pregnancy, especially in the pelvic bones.
Although rare, this condition can occur in the third trimester of pregnancy and is characterized by a sudden onset of pain in the front of the thigh, groin, hip, and buttocks.
Tips for Maintaining Bone He alth During Pregnancy
To keep bones he althy during pregnancy so that the growth and development of the fetus becomes more optimal, pregnant women can do the following:
1. Adequate calcium intake
Calcium is a mineral that functions to maintain bone density. In addition to maintaining the he alth of pregnant women's bones, these nutrients are also needed for the growth and development of fetal bones, especially in the last 3 months of pregnancy.
The need for calcium that needs to be fulfilled by pregnant women is around 1,000 mg every day. Pregnant women can get calcium from consuming milk and its processed products, broccoli, pakcoy, kale, mustard greens, radishes, soybeans, almonds, and salmon.These nutritional needs can also be met by taking supplements.
2. Meet the needs of vitamin D
Vitamin D is needed to help absorb calcium in the body. In addition, this vitamin also contributes to maintaining he althy bones of pregnant women and fetuses, increasing body immunity, and preventing preeclampsia.
Pregnant women need 600 IU of vitamin D every day. These nutrients can be obtained from consuming milk and its processed products, mushrooms, eggs, salmon, and milkfish. Just like calcium, vitamin D can also be met by taking supplements.
3. Exercise regularly
Regular exercise can not only strengthen and prevent bone loss, pregnant women, but also reduce back pain, improve mood, improve fitness, maintain heart he alth, and reduce the risk of pregnancy complications.
Types of exercise for pregnancy that pregnant women can do include walking, swimming, cycling, yoga, and Pilates. When exercising, don't forget to wear comfortable loose clothing and drink enough fluids to prevent dehydration.
4. Avoid bad habits
During pregnancy, pregnant women are strongly recommended not to smoke and not to consume alcoholic beverages, yes. The reason is, this bad habit can have a bad impact on the he alth of the pregnant woman's bones and interfere with the growth and development of the fetus.
In addition to the various ways to maintain bone he alth above, pregnant women are also required to accompany them by routinely carrying out pregnancy control to the doctor or midwife. That way, pregnant women's he alth conditions can be monitored and pregnancy diseases and complications can be prevented.
Although bone problems during pregnancy are not common, pregnant women still need to take good care of their he alth. This is for the sake of a he althy pregnant woman's body and optimal growth and development of the baby in the womb.
If pregnant women have complaints about their bones during pregnancy or have certain conditions related to bone he alth, such as pain and aches that are getting worse and don't go away, especially in the pelvic and groin area, don't hesitate to consult a doctor, OK?.