Prevent Pneumonia in Babies by Early PCV Immunization

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Prevent Pneumonia in Babies by Early PCV Immunization
Prevent Pneumonia in Babies by Early PCV Immunization

Children's he alth is certainly very important for every parent, especially when it comes to dangerous diseases such as pneumonia. Therefore, preventive measures need to be taken so that children avoid pneumonia. One of them is by giving vaccines early on

Pneumonia is a disease caused by infection with the pneumococcal bacteria or Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae). This disease can affect anyone, including infants and children. In fact, pneumonia cases in Indonesia are quite high, especially in infants under 2 months of age.

Prevent Pneumonia in Babies with Early PCV Immunization - Alodokter

There are several factors that can increase the risk of pneumonia in infants, including:

  • Male gender
  • Mother gives birth at the age over 35 years
  • The baby's parents are active smokers
  • Baby born prematurely
  • Baby does not receive exclusive breastfeeding

Actually, at birth, babies already have antibodies that are obtained from the mother's body to fight various diseases, including pneumonia. However, these antibodies do not last long. Therefore, it is necessary to take steps to prevent pneumonia through vaccination, so that babies are not susceptible to this dangerous disease.

The Importance of the PCV Vaccine in Babies

Vaccine plays an important role in preventing various diseases caused by infection, and one of them is pneumonia. According to the World He alth Organization (WHO), vaccines are the most successful and effective form of prevention against pneumonia.

The provision of vaccines accompanied by improvements in living standards, such as the availability of clean water, can reduce global mortality rates in children under 5 years of age. Vaccination is prioritized in the first 2 years of a child's age, because the immune system is still developing at that age.

To prevent pneumonia, babies will be given the PCV (pneumococcal conjugate vaccines) vaccine. This vaccine can prevent not only pneumonia, but also various other diseases caused by pneumococcal bacteria, such as meningitis, sinusitis, acute otitis media, and bacteremia.

Although it is very important, in fact giving PCV to babies is still far behind compared to other types of vaccines. In fact, according to data from 2011–2020, the administration of the PCV vaccine could prevent 21 million cases of disease caused by pneumococcal bacteria and save 1.5 million lives.

The Right Time for PCV Immunization in Babies

The schedule of vaccinations varies, depending on the type of vaccine.However, it is recommended that each infant adhere to a schedule and complete all recommended vaccination doses. This aims to protect the baby's body from various dangerous infectious diseases that can threaten life.

Various he alth institutions, including the Indonesian Pediatrician Association, the Ministry of He alth of the Republic of Indonesia, and WHO, recommend the schedule for administering the PCV vaccine to infants as follows:

  • Age 2, 4, and 6 months, the PCV vaccine is given 2 times with a booster at the age of 12-15 months.
  • Age 7–12 months, the PCV vaccine is given 2 times with a minimum interval of 1 month. An additional dose (booster) is given after the baby is 12 months old, with an interval of at least 2 months from the previous dose.
  • Age 1–2 years, the PCV vaccine is given 2 times with an interval of 2 months.
  • Age 2-5 years, the PCV10 vaccine is given 2 times with a minimum distance of 2 months and the PCV13 vaccine is given 1 time.

To provide maximum protection, the PCV vaccine is not enough if only given in one dose. Therefore, giving an additional dose (booster) is highly recommended.

Giving an additional dose of PCV can increase the antibody level, so it can protect the baby in the long term.

If the PCV immunization program is carried out evenly in Indonesia and is successfully administered to everyone, herd immunity can be formed. That way, babies and children who haven't or can't get the vaccine will also be protected and cases of pneumonia in babies will decrease.

Don't hesitate to ask the doctor about the schedule for giving PCV and other vaccines that need to be given to babies. Giving vaccines on schedule will not only prevent disease in babies, but will also enable babies to grow and develop optimally.

Supported by Pfizer

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