5 Causes of Swollen Tonsils and How to Treat It

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5 Causes of Swollen Tonsils and How to Treat It
5 Causes of Swollen Tonsils and How to Treat It

Swollen tonsils often cause pain and discomfort in the esophagus, especially when swallowing food. This condition often occurs due to an infection in the mouth or respiratory tract that affects the tonsils

The tonsils or tonsils are part of the immune system to fight bacterial infections. However, the tonsils can also experience disorders characterized by swelling, so that they do not function properly to fight germs.

5 causes of swollen tonsils and how to treat them

Swollen tonsils can be accompanied by other symptoms, such as sore throat, cough, runny nose, fever, bad breath, and even swollen lymph nodes in the neck.

Various Causes of Swollen Tonsils

Swollen tonsils are generally caused by a bacterial infection in the oral cavity or respiratory tract. In addition, there are several other conditions or diseases that can also cause swollen tonsils, namely:

1. Inflammation of the tonsils

Swollen tonsils can be triggered by tonsillitis or tonsillitis. This condition is more often caused by infection with the Streptococcus pyogenes bacteria which generally affects children aged 5-15 years.

In addition to swelling, inflamed tonsils due to bacterial infection usually also cause detritus, which is white or yellow patches on the surface of the tonsils.

Besides bacterial infection, tonsillitis can also be caused by viral infections, such as adenovirus, rhinovirus, Corona virus, influenza virus, and rubella virus.

2. Sore throat

Sore throat is usually caused by the same germs that cause tonsillitis. Because the position of the tonsils is close to the throat, it is not uncommon for infections in the throat to affect the tonsils, causing them to become inflamed and swollen.

In addition to bacterial infection, strep throat can also be caused by ingredients that cause throat irritation, such as cigarette smoke, exposure to pollution, or allergies.

Symptoms that arise due to sore throat are usually similar to flu symptoms, namely cough, runny nose, pain when swallowing, weakness, and fever.

3. Mononucleosis

Mononucleosis is a disease caused by infection with the Epstein-Barr virus. This disease can trigger swollen tonsils accompanied by white plaque on the roof of the mouth.

In addition to swollen tonsils, this disease can also cause other signs and symptoms, such as swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, or thighs, and abdominal pain due to an enlarged spleen.

4. Oral candidiasis

Oral candidiasis is a fungal infection that occurs in the mouth. This condition triggers white lumps on the inner cheeks, gums, throat, and even the tonsils. When this infection occurs in the tonsils, the symptoms can be accompanied by swelling.

Oral candidiasis usually attacks babies whose immunity is still not fully developed. Other conditions that cause decreased immunity can also trigger this disease, such as long-term corticosteroid consumption, HIV disease, and cancer.

5. Tonsil stones

Tonile stones initially occur due to repeated infection and inflammation in the tonsils. These stones are formed from the accumulation of food debris, mucus, and bacteria trapped in grooves on the surface of the tonsils.

Tonile stones are small at first, but over time they can harden so that the tonsils become swollen and inflamed.

In addition to the various causes above, swollen tonsils can also be caused by other conditions or diseases, such as stomach acid reflux or tonsil cancer.

How to Treat Swollen Tonsils

Treatment for swollen tonsils will be adjusted based on the cause. Here are some ways to treat swollen tonsils:


If the swollen tonsils are caused by a Streptococcus bacterial infection, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics, such as amoxicillin or cefadroxil.

Giving antibiotics serves to prevent infection from spreading to other parts of the body and reduce the risk of complications, such as rheumatic fever or glomerulonephritis kidney disease. Antibiotic treatment needs to be used as directed by the doctor.

Antibiotics will not be effective if the swollen tonsils are caused by a viral infection. For this condition, the doctor will give an antivirus according to the cause.

In addition, certain drugs are also given to relieve accompanying symptoms. For example, complaints of pain when swallowing can be treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen, diclofenac, or celecoxib.

Besides taking medication, you are also advised to get plenty of rest, drink lots of water, and eat foods with a soft texture, such as porridge or ice cream.

Tonsillectomy (tonsillectomy)

The tonsillectomy procedure is only recommended for those of you who experience recurrent tonsillitis more than 4 times a year, do not improve after taking medication, or have complications that make it difficult to breathe and swallow.

This operation is done by taking one tonsil or lifting both tonsils directly.

So that swollen tonsils do not recur, it is important for you to take precautions by maintaining oral he alth, not using eating utensils together, and always wearing a mask when traveling.

Although it seems trivial, swollen tonsils still need to be treated. If not treated thoroughly, this condition can cause complications and one of them is sleep apnea. Therefore, if you experience swollen tonsils, you are advised to consult a doctor.

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