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Fever medicine is often the main choice to relieve fever. However, this type of drug should not be used carelessly and the dosage needs to be adjusted according to the age and he alth condition of the sufferer. Not only with medical drugs, fever can also be treated with natural ingredients
A person can be said to have a fever if his body temperature exceeds 38oC. This condition can be caused by various things, ranging from bacterial infections, immunizations, drugs, teething, to certain diseases or conditions, such as autoimmune diseases, hyperthyroidism, and cancer.
Fever is sometimes accompanied by other symptoms, such as headache, chills, sweating, or nausea and vomiting. To deal with fever, one way you can do is to take fever medicine.
Different Types of Fever Medicine
Just like other medicines, fever medicine should not be used carelessly, especially for babies and children. Therefore, you should know several types of fever medicine so that you can choose the right one.
The following are some types of fever medicine that you need to know:
Consumption of paracetamol is proven to be effective in reducing fever. This drug is generally taken every 4-8 hours depending on needs. In addition, paracetamol is also safe for consumption by children, adults, and even pregnant women.
However, the dose of paracetamol for children should be according to a doctor's prescription, because it needs to be adjusted to the child's weight. In addition, this drug also needs to be given with caution in patients with liver disease.
Aspirin is useful for reducing fever overnight, pain, and inflammation. In addition to reducing fever, this drug is also often used to treat heart disease.
Aspirin is not recommended for infants and children, because it can cause Reye's syndrome. For pregnant and lactating women, it is not recommended to use this drug without first consulting a doctor.
Almost the same as paracetamol, ibuprofen is also a fever medicine that can be consumed by children and adults. This drug includes non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs which are also often used to relieve pain, for example in babies who are teething.
Even so, this drug is not recommended for consumption by infants under 6 months of age. The use of this drug in pregnant women is not recommended, especially in the third trimester of pregnancy.
Besides ibuprofen, there is another type of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug that you can use to treat fever, namely naproxen. Not only fever, naproxen can also be used to treat headaches, toothaches, and joint pain.
It is important to know that naproxen should only be consumed by children over the age of 5 years and adults. This drug is also not recommended to be given to pregnant and lactating women, as well as the elderly.
Although the four types of drugs above are known to be effective in lowering body temperature due to fever, it is recommended that you still check with your doctor to find out the exact cause of the fever you are experiencing. That way, the treatment will be more effective.
Doctors will usually add other medicines to get rid of the cause of fever, such as antibiotics for bacterial infections, antivirals for viral infections, and other medicines to treat certain conditions or diseases.
Various Types of Natural Fever Medicine
Not only medical drugs, there are also natural ingredients that are thought to also act as natural fever medicine. Besides ginger, here are some natural ingredients that are often used to reduce fever:
A study shows that bitter leaf has an anti-inflammatory effect which is believed to reduce body temperature due to fever. These benefits come from andrographolide compounds and polyphenols in it, which are known to be efficacious for treating inflammation and fever.
Well, to use bitter leaf as a fever medicine, you can consume it in the form of herbs, juice, or boiled water of bitter leaves.
Papaya fruit leaves
A number of antioxidant compounds found in papaya leaves, such as alkaloids, terpenoids, flavonoids, and saponins, are known to have anti-inflammatory properties. This is the reason why papaya leaves are considered capable of dealing with fever.
The benefits of papaya leaves for the fever, you can get by processing them first into boiled water or supplements containing papaya leaf extract.
However, the effectiveness and safety of bitter leaf and papaya leaf as a natural fever medicine still requires further clinical trials, so you are not recommended to consume them before consulting a doctor.
In addition to taking fever medicine, there are several things you need to do when you have a fever, namely:
- Consuming lots of fluids, at least 8 glasses a day
- Enough rest time, at least 7–9 hours every day
- Compress the body with warm water
- Using warm water for bath
- Wearing light clothes
If you have taken fever medicine and taken the above treatment steps, but the fever does not go down in 3 days or it gets worse and is accompanied by other symptoms, such as difficulty breathing, diarrhea, and vomiting, immediately seek medical attention. doctor for proper treatment.