Various Occupational Therapy Services and Who Needs Them

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Various Occupational Therapy Services and Who Needs Them
Various Occupational Therapy Services and Who Needs Them

Occupational therapy can be considered as a treatment step for those who have he alth problems and are unable to carry out daily activities. Through this therapy, patients will be trained so that they can become more independent

Before it is decided to undergo occupational therapy, the doctor will first identify the extent of the patient's difficulties in carrying out daily activities and determine the diagnosis of the disease that causes the patient to experience physical, mental, or social barriers.

Various Occupational Therapy Services and Who Needs Them - Alodokter

If daily activities, such as dressing or eating, are difficult to do without the help of others, occupational therapy can be a solution. People who have physical, mental limitations, and decreased cognitive abilities due to age or certain diseases are also advised to undergo this therapy.

What Are Occupational Therapy Services Like?

The type of occupational therapy given will be adjusted to the age, occupation or daily activities, and the patient's needs. Occupational therapy services usually include the following three things:

1. Individual evaluation

In an individual evaluation, the patient, the patient's family, and the doctor will determine what is to be achieved through this therapy. The doctor will also determine the diagnosis of the disease that causes the patient to require occupational therapy.

2. Intervention planning

After that, the doctor will determine the type of therapy and exercise according to the patient's needs. The focus of therapy and exercise provided is to enable the patient to return to activities independently, such as washing, cooking, and dressing without the help of others.

3. Result evaluation

Evaluation is carried out to ensure that the results of occupational therapy are in accordance with the goals that have been set at the beginning of therapy. This evaluation is also needed to make other action plans if needed, so that the results of therapy can be better.

Occupational therapy is carried out under the supervision of a medical rehabilitation specialist. This specialist will accompany the patient during therapy, provide recommendations for assistive devices according to the patient's needs, and teach how to use them.

Doctors will also provide guidance to family members and caregivers to accompany and treat patients at home.

Who Needs Occupational Therapy

The main goal of occupational therapy is to improve the patient's quality of life. Occupational therapy is especially needed by:

  • People who are recovering and returning to work after suffering a work-related injury
  • People who suffer from physical and mental disorders since birth
  • People who suddenly suffer a serious he alth condition, such as a stroke, heart attack, brain injury, or amputation
  • People suffering from chronic diseases, such as arthritis, multiple sclerosis, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • People with mental disorders or behavioral problems, such as Alzheimer's disease, autism or ADHD, post-traumatic stress disorder, substance abuse, or eating disorders

In addition to adults, this therapy can also be given to children who suffer from certain conditions, such as:

  • Down Syndrome
  • Ce cerebral palsy
  • Dypraxia
  • Autism
  • Learning disabilities caused by problems before, during, or after birth, illness, or accident

Children with special needs will usually be guided by doctors, psychologists, therapists, and teachers at school in learning and doing daily activities, such as reading, writing, or bathing and brushing teeth. The goal is for them to be able to live independently in the future.

In addition, the role of parents or family is also important in the success of this therapy, namely as a companion for children during therapy. In addition to being supportive, the family can also be a figure or role model for children at home.

If there are family members or friends who have the above conditions, there is nothing wrong if you suggest them to undergo occupational therapy. To get this therapy, you need to consult a doctor first.

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