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Life as a blind person is not easy and it takes a lot of processes to adjust. Several adaptation steps can be taken in order to live independently and socialize with the surrounding environment
Blindness can be caused by an accident, an eye injury, being born blind, or suffering from diabetes, glaucoma, or macular degeneration. Even though they are a minority group, Indonesia's population with visual impairments is also not small.
Types of Blind
Blindness can be categorized into two types, namely:
- Partially blind, meaning that you still have limited vision
- Totally blind, means being in complete darkness or unable to see at all
Unlike other visual impairments, blindness cannot be corrected by the use of assistive devices such as glasses, contact lenses, or medication.
By learning to adapt, make some adjustments, and master a number of special skills, blind people can still live independently and carry out various activities safely and comfortably.
Living with Blindness
Here are some steps you can take to make life easier as a blind person even with limited vision:
1. Looking for information about blindness
Find out from various sources about the condition of blindness experienced. Information can be obtained from fellow blind people or ophthalmologists.
2. Get counseling help
Vision loss can occur at any age. If blindness is experienced as an adult and is caused by an accident or other event, the blind person can feel depressed and helpless.
Don't hesitate to get counseling services from a doctor, psychologist or psychiatrist.
3. Learn Braille
Even though they can't see, blind people can still read books, magazines, or newspapers, either conventionally or online using Braille. Braille is a writing system that uses raised dots instead of numbers and letters of the regular alphabet.
Blind persons can also use computers with special software that can read documents and text (audiobooks) displayed on the computer screen aloud. In addition, there is also a Braille edition computer keyboard for writing.
4. Make household chores easier
Braille can also help blind people do their daily homework independently. For example, attaching a label to a washing machine using Braille.
5. Helps mobility in daily activities
To be safe and comfortable when carrying out activities, blind people can learn special techniques to make walking or activities easier, including the technique of using a special cane for the blind to detect objects and the environment when walking.
Blind people can also use a guide dog to help them walk safely, as well as a friend.a
6. Live a he althy lifestyle
Blind people can improve their quality of life by exercising and doing activities according to their hobbies. Consult a doctor, counselor or rehabilitation coach about what sports are appropriate and safe to do and how to do them.
Blind people can also join blind communities and attend events to get various information, as well as a means to socialize.
7. Get support from family and environment
Even though a blind person can live independently, they still need the support of their family and people around them to encourage their confidence in living a life without vision.
In addition to emotional support, families can help people with visual impairments by arranging the house and arranging the layout of the furniture to make it easier for them to move in the house, get rid of objects that can trip them up, and help them distinguish the nominal value of money.
Despite having limitations, it is not impossible for blind people to carry out activities and daily life independently.
Don't hesitate to consult a doctor for advice regarding treatment and therapy that needs to be done. If necessary, doctors can recommend occupational therapy to help blind people to carry out daily activities.